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Does the neonate's brain have left hemisphere (LH) dominance for speech? Twelve full-term neonates participated in an optical topography study designed to assess whether the neonate brain responds specifically to linguistic stimuli. Participants were tested with normal infant-directed speech, with the same utterances played in reverse and without auditory(More)
Frequency selectivity is a fundamental cochlear property. Recent studies using otoacoustic emissions and psychophysical forward masking suggest that frequency selectivity is sharper in human than in common laboratory species. This has been disputed based on reports using compound action potentials (CAPs), which reflect activity in the auditory nerve and can(More)
Gender identification of human voices was studied in a juvenile population of cochlear implant (CI) users exposed to naturalistic speech stimuli from 20 male and 20 female speakers using two different voice gender perception tasks. Stimulus output patterns were recorded from each individual CI for each stimulus, and features related to voice fundamental(More)
Stimulus-locked temporal codes are increasingly seen as relevant to perception. The timing of action potentials typically varies with stimulus intensity, and the invariance of temporal representations with intensity is therefore an issue. We examine the timing of action potentials in cat auditory nerve to broadband noise presented at different intensities,(More)
OBJECTIVE One of the strategies to improve cochlear implant technology is to increase the number of electrodes in the neuro-electronic interface. The objective was to characterize in vitro cultures of spiral ganglion neurons (SGN) cultured on surfaces of novel silicon micro-pillar substrates (MPS). APPROACH SGN from P5 rat pups were cultured on MPS with(More)
The authors report 3 picture-word interference experiments in which they explore some properties of the agreement process in speech production. In Experiment 1, Croatian speakers were asked to produce utterances in which the noun's gender value had an impact on the selection of gender-marked freestanding morphemes (pronouns) while ignoring the presentation(More)
OBJECTIVES The study was carried out to assess the role that five hearing history variables (chronological age, age at onset of deafness, age of first cochlear implant [CI] activation, duration of CI use, and duration of known deafness) play in the ability of CI users to identify speaker gender. DESIGN Forty-one juvenile CI users participated in two voice(More)
The mechanism of decomposition of peroxynitrite (OONO(-)) in aqueous sodium phosphate buffer solution at neutral pH was investigated. The OONO(-) was synthesized by directly reacting nitric oxide with superoxide anion at pH 13. The hypothesis was explored that OONO(-), after protonation at pH 7.0 to HOONO, decomposes into (1)O(2) and HNO according to a(More)
In this study, the efficacy and tolerability of two different therapeutic schedules in eradicating Helicobacter pylori and healing duodenal ulcer were evaluated. The study included 60 patients with duodenal ulcer and Helicobacter pylori infection. They were randomly allocated to either of two groups: group 1 (N = 30) received omeprazole 20 mg for 28 days,(More)
Ectopic hormone secretion in tumor cells is here described as an amplification of hormone production already present in normal, nonendocrine tumor-originated tissue. This idea is tested on the available data regarding endothelin-1 (ET-1) secreting tumors. The endothelins are ubiquitous regulatory peptides produced by various tissues. The precursor cells of(More)