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We isolated two recombinant baculoviruses each of which expresses a varicella-zoster virus (VZV) homolog of one of the seven herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) genes required for DNA replication. We performed transient origin-dependent DNA replication assays in insect cells in which we substituted a baculovirus which expresses a VZV protein for a(More)
The varicella-zoster virus (VZV) genome contains homologs to each of the seven herpes simplex virus (HSV) genes that are required for viral DNA synthesis. VZV gene 51 is homologous to HSV UL9, which encodes an origin of DNA replication binding protein (OBP). It was previously shown, by using a protein A fusion protein, that the product of gene 51 is a(More)
Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) interleukin-6 (vIL-6) promotes cell proliferation and survival and is proangiogenic, implicating it as a contributor to virus-associated Kaposi's sarcoma, primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), and multicentric Castleman's disease. Although predominantly lytically expressed, vIL-6 is also produced at low, functional levels during(More)
Viral interleukin-6 (vIL-6) specified by human herpesvirus 8 is, unlike its cellular counterpart, secreted very inefficiently and can signal via vIL-6(2):gp130(2) signaling complexes from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) compartment. Intracellular, autocrine activities of vIL-6 are important for proproliferative and prosurvival activities of the viral(More)
Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8)-encoded viral interleukin-6 (vIL-6) has been implicated as a key factor in virus-associated neoplasia because of its proproliferative and survival effects and also in view of its angiogenic properties. A major difference between vIL-6 and human IL-6 (hIL-6) is that vIL-6, uniquely, is largely retained and can signal(More)
Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) interleukin-6 (vIL-6) is distinct from human and other cellular IL-6 proteins in that it does not require the nonsignaling alpha-receptor subunit for the formation of gp130-based signal transducing complexes and also is largely retained intracellularly rather than being secreted. We and others have reported that vIL-6 is retained(More)
Viral interleukin-6 (vIL-6) encoded by human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) is believed to contribute via mitogenic, survival, and angiogenic activities to HHV-8-associated Kaposi's sarcoma, primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), and multicentric Castleman's disease through autocrine or paracrine mechanisms during latency or productive replication. There is direct(More)
Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) interleukin-6 (vIL-6) promotes cell proliferation and survival and is proangiogenic, implicating it as a contributor to virus-associated Kaposi’s sarcoma, primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), and multicentric Castleman’s disease. Although predominantly lytically expressed, vIL-6 is also produced at low, functional levels during(More)
Human herpesvirus 8 interleukin-6 (vIL-6) displays 25% amino acid identity with human IL-6 (hIL-6) and shares an overall four-helix-bundle structure and gp130-mediated STAT/mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling with its cellular counterpart. However, vIL-6 is distinct in that it can signal through gp130 alone, in the absence of the nonsignaling gp80(More)
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) gene 51 encodes a protein which is homologous to UL9, the origin of DNA replication-binding protein of herpes simplex virus type 1. No genetic information is available on VZV gene 51, but its product has been shown to bind to virtually the same recognition sequence as does UL9 (D. Chen and P. D. Olivo, J. Virol. 68:3841-3849,(More)