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The first French outbreak of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) USA300 clone was investigated. After outbreak investigation, hygiene measures were implemented in all family households and childminders’ homes. Several decontamination procedures were performed, which used a combination of topical mupirocin, total body(More)
Since 1998, the French Health Insurance (NHI) system had established a national database in order to reimburse drug prescriptions. These electronical data are a considerable potential source for syndromic surveillance because of their exhaustive and regular updates. The aim of this study was to develop a method to identify acute gastroenteritis (AG) cases(More)
Ten outbreaks of waterborne acute gastroenteritis (AGE) have been investigated in France since 1998. These outbreaks have affected populations of over 1,000 people, with generally high attack rates. The causal agents have been identified in six of these events. Aetiologies involved mainly noroviruses and Cryptosporidium sp. The point of entry of the(More)
This geographical study aimed to show natural or water-processing-related factors of faecal contamination incidents (FCIs) of drinking water in continental France. We defined a FCI as the occurrence of at least 20 colony-forming Escherichia coli or enterococci among all the 100 mL samples collected for regulatory purpose within one day from a given drinking(More)
Waterborne disease outbreaks (WBDO) of acute gastrointestinal illness (AGI) are a public health concern in France. Their occurrence is probably underestimated due to the lack of a specific surveillance system. The French health insurance database provides an interesting opportunity to improve the detection of these events. A specific algorithm to identify(More)
In 2009-2011, 113 adult in- and outpatients with measles were referred to the University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand (centre of France): 71 (62.8 %) needed hospitalisation, 31 had pneumonia, 29 diarrhoea, 47 liver enzymes elevation, 38 thrombopaenia, one encephalitis and there were no deaths. Nineteen cases occurred among healthcare workers and five of(More)
Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that chlorination by-products in drinking water may cause some types of cancer in humans. However, due to differences in methodology between the various studies, it is not possible to establish a dose-response relationship. This shortcoming is due primarily to uncertainties about how exposure is measured-made(More)
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