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The last decade has witnessed tremendous progress in the understanding of the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), its molecular mechanism of action, and its implications for physiology and pathophysiology. After the initial cloning of MR, and identification of its gene structure and promoters, it now appears as a major actor in protein-protein interaction(More)
Aldosterone is a major regulator of salt balance and blood pressure, exerting its effects via the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR). To analyze the regulatory mechanisms controlling tissue-specific expression of the human MR (hMR) in vivo, we have developed transgenic mouse models expressing the SV40 large T antigen (TAg) under the control of each of the two(More)
The pluripotent factor Oct4 is a key transcription factor that maintains embryonic stem (ES) cell self-renewal and is down-regulated upon the differentiation of ES cells and silenced in somatic cells. A combination of cis elements, transcription factors, and epigenetic modifications, such as DNA methylation, are involved in the regulation of Oct4 gene(More)
The mineralocorticoid signaling pathway has gained interest over the past few years, considering not only its implication in numerous pathologies but also its emerging role in physiological processes during kidney, brain, heart and lung development. This review aims at describing the setting and regulation of aldosterone biosynthesis and the expression of(More)
The mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), a ligand-dependent transcription factor, mediates aldosterone actions in a large variety of tissues. To explore the functional implication of MR in pathophysiology, transgenic mouse models were generated using the proximal human MR (hMR) promoter to drive expression of hMR in aldosterone target tissues. Tissue-specific(More)
The human mineralocorticoid receptor (hMR) is a nuclear receptor mediating aldosterone action, whose expression is driven by two alternative promoters, P1 and P2, flanking the two first 5'-untranslated exons. In vivo characterization of hMR regulatory regions was performed by targeted oncogenesis in mice using P1 or P2 directing expression of the large T(More)
Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), a hormone-activated transcription factor belonging to the nuclear receptor superfamily, exerts widespread actions in many tissues such as tight epithelia, the cardiovascular system, adipose tissues and macrophages. In the mammalian brain, MR is present in the limbic areas where it is highly expressed in neurons of the(More)
AIMS Cardiac mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) activation triggers adverse cardiovascular events that could be efficiently prevented by mineralocorticoid antagonists. To gain insights into the pathophysiological role of MR function, we established embryonic stem (ES) cell lines from blastocysts of transgenic mice overexpressing the human MR driven by its(More)
The mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) is a transcription factor that mediates aldosterone action. MR is expressed in a wide variety of tissues, most notably in sodium-transporting epithelia, but also in nonepithelial cells of the cardiovascular and central nervous systems. However, molecular mechanisms underlying mineralocorticoid signaling and the primary(More)
By use of targeted oncogenesis, a brown adipocyte cell line was derived from a hibernoma of a transgenic mouse carrying the proximal promoter of the human mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) linked to the SV40 large T antigen. T37i cells remain capable of differentiating into brown adipocytes upon insulin and triiodothyronine treatment as judged by their(More)