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Bone has a capability to repair itself when it is fractured. Repair involves the generation of intermediate tissues, such as fibrous connective tissue, cartilage and woven bone, before final bone healing can occur. The intermediate tissues serve to stabilise the mechanical environment and provide a scaffold for differentiation of new tissues. The repair(More)
CYP3A isoforms are responsible for the biotransformation of a wide variety of exogenous chemicals and endogenous steroids in human tissues. Two members of the CYP3A subfamily display developmentally regulated expression in the liver; CYP3A7 is expressed in the fetal liver, whereas CYP3A4 is the major cyrochrome P-450 isoform present in the adult liver. To(More)
Bone regeneration is a common biological process occurring, for example, during fracture healing or osseo-integration of prostheses. Computer simulation of bone regeneration is difficult to carry out because it is a complex sequence of cell-mediated processes regulated by mechanobiological stimuli. An algorithm to predict the time-course of intramembranous(More)
Finite element models of bones can be generated based on images obtained non-invasively in the clinic. One area where such models may prove useful is in the assessment of fracture healing of long bones. To establish the feasibility of such a proposal, a three dimensional finite element model of a fractured tibia was generated, and a model of tissue(More)
Mechanical stimuli are one of the factors that affect cell proliferation and differentiation in the process of bone tissue regeneration. Knowledge on the specific deformation sensed by cells at a microscopic level when mechanical loads are applied is still missing in the development of biomaterials for bone tissue engineering. The objective of this study(More)
Glenoid component loosening is the dominant cause of failure in total shoulder arthroplasty. It is presumed that loosening in the glenoid is caused by high stresses in the cement layer. Several anchorage systems have been designed with the aim of reducing the loosening rate, the two major categories being "keeled" fixation and "pegged" fixation. However, no(More)
STUDY DESIGN A new type of composite device with a similar structure to a natural lumbar intervertebral disc was modeled, and its mechanical interaction with a L3-L5 lumbar spine segment was studied by a finite element analysis. OBJECTIVE To identify the influence of the prosthesis on the biomechanical changes induced in a L3-L4 lumbar spine segment model(More)
Numerous experimental studies have attempted to determine the optimal properties for a scaffold for use in bone tissue engineering but, as yet, no computational or theoretical approach has been developed that suggests how best to combine the various design parameters, e.g. scaffold porosity, Young's modulus, and dissolution rate. Previous research has shown(More)
Mechanical stimuli are one of the factors that influence tissue differentiation. In the development of biomaterials for bone tissue engineering, mechanical stimuli and formation of a vascular network that transport oxygen to cells within the pores of the scaffolds are essential. Angiogenesis and cell differentiation have been simulated in scaffolds of(More)
Tissue engineering is an emerging area in bioengineering at the frontiers between biomaterials, biology and biomechanics. The basic knowledge of the interactions between mechanical stimuli, cells and biomaterials is growing but the quantitative effect of mechanical stimuli on cells attached to biomaterials is still unknown. The objective of this study was(More)