Damien Girard

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1. The antithrombotic action of argatroban, a synthetic thrombin inhibitor, was studied in three models of thrombosis in the rat, and in the tail transection bleeding time test. Heparin was studied as a reference anticoagulant. 2. In the model of venous thrombosis induced by thromboplastin followed by stasis of the abdominal vena cava, argatroban had an(More)
OBJECTIVES As a result of the prolonged half-life and unique pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) characteristics of azithromycin, shorter dosing regimens are being evaluated for the treatment of community-acquired infections. To provide further support for a shorter dosing regimen, the efficacy of azithromycin was determined in preclinical infection(More)
The effects of shivering on hemodynamics and systemic oxygenation, as well as the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions in decreasing shivering and increasing mixed venous oxygen saturation, were studied. Thirty adult patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass with systemic hypothermia were observed for 1 1/2 to 5 hours postoperatively for signs of(More)
The safety and efficacy of esmolol during high-dose fentanyl anesthesia were studied in 37 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The anesthetic management consisted of fentanyl 75 micrograms/kg, pancuronium 0.15 mg/kg, and O2. To assess the safety of esmolol, it was administered in a double-blind manner to 17 anesthetized patients(More)
We studied the use of the Ecarin Clotting Time (ECT) as a predictive assay of the antithrombotic effects of argatroban in a new tissue factor-dependent model of venous thrombosis and a model of arterial thrombosis in the rat. Heparin was used as a reference anticoagulant. Infusions of argatroban dose-dependently increased the ECT across the range of doses(More)
We studied the antithrombotic activity of a mixed micellar formulation containing 14 mg/ml argatroban administered by the subcutaneous (s.c.) route in rat and rabbit models of venous thrombosis. The effects on bleeding time in the rat tail transection bleeding time test were also studied. In a tissue factor-dependent arterio-venous shunt model, argatroban(More)
The pulse oximeter continuously and non-invasively measures arterial saturation. The objective of the current study was to assess the value of this monitor during thoracic surgery with one-lung ventilation. A total of 108 pulse oximeter saturation readings (SaO2[O]) were compared with PaO2 and calculated saturation (SaO2[C]) values. Hypoxia (PaO2 less than(More)
Argatroban was evaluated in three models of thrombosis in the rabbit: the Wessler model (thromboplastin plus stasis of the left jugular vein), an arteriovenous shunt model, and a model of arterial thrombosis induced by endothelial and intimal damage of the left femoral artery. Calcium heparin was used as a comparator. Both substances inhibited thrombus(More)