Damiana Pieragostino

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BACKGROUND Mass spectrometry protein profiling is a promising tool for biomarker discovery in clinical proteomics. However, the development of a reliable approach for the separation of protein signals from noise is required. In this paper, LIMPIC, a computational method for the detection of protein peaks from linear-mode MALDI-TOF data is proposed. LIMPIC(More)
MOTIVATION Independent component analysis (ICA) is a signal processing technique that can be utilized to recover independent signals from a set of their linear mixtures. We propose ICA for the analysis of signals obtained from large proteomics investigations such as clinical multi-subject studies based on MALDI-TOF MS profiling. The method is validated on(More)
Neuregulin 1 type III is processed following regulated intramembrane proteolysis, which allows communication from the plasma membrane to the nucleus. We found that the intracellular domain of neuregulin 1 type III upregulated the prostaglandin D2 synthase (L-pgds, also known as Ptgds) gene, which, together with the G protein-coupled receptor Gpr44, forms a(More)
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a genetic disease leading to the loss of central vision and optic nerve atrophy. The existence of occasional cases of LHON patients developing a Multiple Sclerosis (MS)-like illness and the hypothesis that mtDNA variants may be involved in MS suggest the possibility of some common molecular mechanisms linking(More)
Recently, Irani and colleagues proposed a C-terminal cleaved isoform cystatin C (12.5 kDa) in cerebrospinal fluid as a marker of multiple sclerosis. In this study, we demonstrate that the 12.5 kDa product of cystatin C is formed by degradation of the first eight N-terminal residues. Moreover, such a degradation is not specific in the cerebrospinal fluid of(More)
Protein profiling of cerebrospinal fluid in Guillain-Barrè syndrome (GBS), an acute and immune-mediated disease affecting the peripheral nervous system, was performed by two-dimensional electrophoresis. Significant modulated spots in GBS patients vs. control groups (a group of multiple sclerosis patients and one of healthy donors) underwent MALDI-TOF/TOF(More)
Transthyretin (TTR) is a homotetrameric protein of the CNS that plays a role of as the major thyroxine (T4) carrier from blood to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). T4 physiologically helps oligodendrocyte precursor cells to turn into myelinating oligodendrocytes, enhancing remyelination after myelin sheet damage. We investigated post-translational oxidative(More)
Lipids play critical functions in cellular survival, proliferation, interaction and death, since they are involved in chemical-energy storage, cellular signaling, cell membranes, and cell-cell interactions. These cellular processes are strongly related to carcinogenesis pathways, particularly to transformation, progression, and metastasis, suggesting the(More)
Glaucoma, the first cause of irreversible blindness worldwide, is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by the progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells. There are different subtypes of glaucoma, all expression of a common optic neuropathy; primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is the most diffuse subtype in western countries. To date, unfortunately,(More)
It has been difficult to replicate consistently the experimental model of axonal Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). We immunized rabbits with two lipo-oligosaccharides (LOS1 and LOS2) derived from the same C. jejuni strain and purified in a slightly different way. LOS1 did not contain proteins whereas several proteins were present in LOS2. In spite of a robust(More)