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BACKGROUND Mass spectrometry protein profiling is a promising tool for biomarker discovery in clinical proteomics. However, the development of a reliable approach for the separation of protein signals from noise is required. In this paper, LIMPIC, a computational method for the detection of protein peaks from linear-mode MALDI-TOF data is proposed. LIMPIC(More)
MOTIVATION Independent component analysis (ICA) is a signal processing technique that can be utilized to recover independent signals from a set of their linear mixtures. We propose ICA for the analysis of signals obtained from large proteomics investigations such as clinical multi-subject studies based on MALDI-TOF MS profiling. The method is validated on(More)
Recently, Irani and colleagues proposed a C-terminal cleaved isoform cystatin C (12.5 kDa) in cerebrospinal fluid as a marker of multiple sclerosis. In this study, we demonstrate that the 12.5 kDa product of cystatin C is formed by degradation of the first eight N-terminal residues. Moreover, such a degradation is not specific in the cerebrospinal fluid of(More)
Neuregulin 1 type III is processed following regulated intramembrane proteolysis, which allows communication from the plasma membrane to the nucleus. We found that the intracellular domain of neuregulin 1 type III upregulated the prostaglandin D2 synthase (L-pgds, also known as Ptgds) gene, which, together with the G protein-coupled receptor Gpr44, forms a(More)
BACKGROUND Mass spectrometry (MS) is becoming the gold standard for biomarker discovery. Several MS-based bioinformatics methods have been proposed for this application, but the divergence of the findings by different research groups on the same MS data suggests that the definition of a reliable method has not been achieved yet. In this work, we propose an(More)
The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a cellular program associated with the organ morphogenesis but also with the disease progression. EMT in the cancer field fuels neoplastic progression promoting the resistance to cell death, the resistance to chemotherapy and the acquisition of stem cell properties. Considering the crucial role of EMT in(More)
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a genetic disease leading to the loss of central vision and optic nerve atrophy. The existence of occasional cases of LHON patients developing a Multiple Sclerosis (MS)-like illness and the hypothesis that mtDNA variants may be involved in MS suggest the possibility of some common molecular mechanisms linking(More)
Transthyretin (TTR) is a homotetrameric protein of the CNS that plays a role of as the major thyroxine (T4) carrier from blood to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). T4 physiologically helps oligodendrocyte precursor cells to turn into myelinating oligodendrocytes, enhancing remyelination after myelin sheet damage. We investigated post-translational oxidative(More)
Phytochemicals constitute a heterogeneous group of substances with an evident role in human health. Their properties on cancer initiation, promotion and progression are well documented. Particular attention is now devoted to better understand the molecular basis of their anticancer action. In the present work, we studied the effect of resveratrol on the(More)
Proteomics and metabolomics investigations of body fluids present several challenges for biomarker discovery of several diseases. The search for biomarkers is actually conducted in different body fluids, even if the ideal biomarker can be found in an easily accessible biological fluid, because, if validated, the biomarker could be sought in the healthy(More)