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Pathogen prevalence predicts human cross-cultural variability in individualism/collectivism
Pathogenic diseases impose selection pressures on the social behaviour of host populations. In humans (Homo sapiens), many psychological phenomena appear to serve an antipathogen defence function.Expand
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Pathogens, personality, and culture: disease prevalence predicts worldwide variability in sociosexuality, extraversion, and openness to experience.
Previous research has documented cross-cultural differences in personality traits, but the origins of those differences remain unknown. The authors investigate the possibility that these culturalExpand
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Historical Prevalence of Infectious Diseases Within 230 Geopolitical Regions: A Tool for Investigating Origins of Culture
Regional differences in disease prevalence are associated with a wide array of cross-cultural differences. However, the complex relationships among culture, disease, and other ecological variablesExpand
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The Behavioral Immune System: Implications for Social Cognition, Social Interaction, and Social Influence
Abstract The “behavioral immune system” is a motivational system that evolved as a means of inhibiting contact with disease-causing parasites and that, in contemporary human societies, influencesExpand
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Threat(s) and conformity deconstructed: Perceived threat of infectious disease and its implications for conformist attitudes and behavior
Threat has been linked to conformity, but little is known about the specific effects of different kinds of threat. We test the hypothesis that perceived threat of infectious disease exerts a uniqueExpand
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On the Origins of Cultural Differences in Conformity: Four Tests of the Pathogen Prevalence Hypothesis
What are the origins of cultural differences in conformity? The authors deduce the hypothesis that these cultural differences may reflect historical variability in the prevalence of disease-causingExpand
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The behavioral immune system: Current concerns and future directions
Soc Personal Psychol Compass. 2018;12:e12371. https://doi.org/10.1111/spc3.12371 w Abstract The behavioral immune system is a motivational system that helps minimize infection risk by changingExpand
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Zoonotic and Non-Zoonotic Diseases in Relation to Human Personality and Societal Values: Support for the Parasite-Stress Model
The parasite-stress model of human sociality proposes that humans' ontogenetic experiences with infectious diseases as well as their evolutionary historical interactions with these diseases exertExpand
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Pathogens and Politics: Further Evidence That Parasite Prevalence Predicts Authoritarianism
According to a "parasite stress" hypothesis, authoritarian governments are more likely to emerge in regions characterized by a high prevalence of disease-causing pathogens. Recent cross-nationalExpand
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Implications of the behavioural immune system for social behaviour and human health in the modern world
The ‘behavioural immune system’ is composed of mechanisms that evolved as a means of facilitating behaviours that minimized infection risk and enhanced fitness. Recent empirical research on humanExpand
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