Damian J. Horstman

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UNLABELLED Cyclooxygenase (COX) products play an important role in modulating sepsis and subsequent endothelial injury. We hypothesized that COX inhibitors may attenuate endothelial dysfunction during sepsis, as measured by receptor-mediated bradykinin (BK)-induced vasoconstriction and/or receptor-independent hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV). Rats(More)
BACKGROUND Nonselective nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition has detrimental effects in sepsis because of inhibition of the physiologically important endothelial NOS (eNOS). The authors hypothesized that selective inducible NOS (iNOS) inhibition would maintain eNOS vasodilation but prevent acetylcholine- and bradykinin-mediated vasoconstriction caused by(More)
BACKGROUND Target-controlled infusion (TCI) drug delivery systems deliver intravenous drugs based on pharmacokinetic models. TCI devices administer a bolus, followed by exponentially declining infusions, to rapidly achieve and maintain pseudo-steady state drug concentrations in the plasma or at the site of drug effect. Many studies have documented the(More)
UNLABELLED In concentrations of 10-20 ppm, inhaled nitric oxide (NO) decreases pulmonary artery pressure and attenuates vascular remodeling in pulmonary hypertensive rats. Because NO is potentially toxic, it is important to know whether lower concentrations attenuate vascular remodeling produced by different etiologies. Therefore, we determined the effects(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) modulates the endogenous NO-cGMP pathway. We determined whether prolonged inhaled NO downregulates the NO-cGMP pathway, which may explain clinically observed rebound pulmonary hypertension. Rats were placed in a normoxic (N; 21% O2) or hypoxic (H; 10% O2) environment with and without inhaled NO (20 parts/million) for 1 or 3 wk.(More)
UNLABELLED Down-regulation of the endogenous nitric oxide (NO) pathway may explain rebound pulmonary hypertension after discontinuation of inhaled NO. We determined whether the prolonged administration of inhaled NO increases pulmonary vasoconstriction, which may occur from decreased endogenous NO. Rats were placed in normoxic (N; 21% O2) or hypoxic (H; 10%(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Tissue injury is associated with the local release of inflammatory and nociceptive mediators and the development of hyperalgesia. It is unclear whether interrupting neuronal signaling using regional anesthetic techniques at the time of the injury modifies local nociceptive and inflammatory processes. The aim of this study was to(More)
Heparin and nitric oxide (NO) attenuate changes to the pulmonary vasculature caused by prolonged hypoxia. Heparin may increase NO; therefore, we hypothesized that heparin may attenuate hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling via a NO-mediated mechanism. In vivo, rats were exposed to normoxia (N) or hypoxia (H; 10% O(2)) with or without heparin (1,200(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown more extensive cephalad sensory blockade in women receiving combined spinal-epidural (CSE) anesthesia compared with single-shot spinal (SSS) anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery. It has been postulated that introduction of the epidural needle during CSE disturbs the negative pressure in the epidural space,(More)
UNLABELLED Inhaled nitric oxide (NO) may downregulate the endogenous NO/cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway, potentially explaining clinical rebound pulmonary hypertension. We determined if inhaled NO decreases pulmonary cGMP levels, if the possible down-regulation is the same as with nifedipine, and if regulation also occurs with the cyclic(More)