Damian G Smith

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Across taxa, female behavior and physiology change significantly following the receipt of ejaculate molecules during mating. For example, receipt of sex peptide (SP) in female Drosophila melanogaster significantly alters female receptivity, egg production, lifespan, hormone levels, immunity, sleep, and feeding patterns. These changes are underpinned by(More)
The 2-[14C]deoxyglucose (2-DG) quantitative autoradiography technique was used to determine rates of local cerebral glucose utilization (LCGU) in discrete brain regions in alcohol-chronic (A-C), alcohol-deprived (A-D) and alcohol-naïve (A-N) adult, male alcohol-preferring (P) rats. The hypothesis to be tested is that neuronal alterations occur as a result(More)
76 patients with the postviral fatigue syndrome (PVFS) and 30 matched controls were investigated. Virus isolation was attempted from concentrated faecal samples by direct culture and after acid dissociation of virus from antibody. Positive cultures of enteroviruses were obtained from 17 (22%) patients and 2 (7%) controls. An enterovirus-group-specific(More)
BACKGROUND The present study determined local cerebral glucose utilization (LCGU) rates in alcohol-naïve alcohol-preferring (P), alcohol nonpreferring (NP), and outbred Wistar rats to test the hypothesis that innate differences in functional neuronal activity are present in limbic regions as a result of selective breeding for high-alcohol drinking behavior.(More)
Although Thailand's Ministry of Public Health has recorded slightly under 15,000 cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection to date, an independent team of health and medical experts has estimated that 200,000-300,000 Thais are infected. Moreover, the team has predicted that 1.6 million people--2.5% of the population--will be infected by 1995 in(More)
BACKGROUND The ultra high risk state for psychosis has not been studied in young offender populations. Prison populations have higher rates of psychiatric morbidity and substance use disorders. Due to the age profile of young offenders one would expect to find a high prevalence of individuals with pre-psychotic or ultra-high risk mental states for psychosis(More)
BACKGROUND People with major mental illness are over-represented in prison populations however there are few longitudinal studies of prison in-reach services leading to appropriate healthcare over extended periods. AIMS We aimed to examine measures of the clinical efficiency and effectiveness of a prison in-reach, court diversion and liaison service over(More)
OBJECTIVE Service users may express positive, ambivalent, or negative views of their hospital admission. The objective of this study was to determine whether the background of the interviewer-service user-researcher or clinician-influences the information elicited. The primary outcome was the level of perceived coercion on admission, and secondary outcomes(More)
BACKGROUND The present study compared baseline local cerebral glucose utilization (LCGU) values within reward-relevant brain regions in alcohol-naïve, adult male high-alcohol-drinking (HAD) and low-alcohol-drinking (LAD) rats from replicate lines 1 and 2. METHODS 2-[14C]Deoxyglucose ([14C]2-DG) was injected (125 microCi/kg) intravenously during the rats'(More)
Single fibre electromyography of extensor digitorum communis muscle (EDC) was performed on 35 patients with chronic fatigue, the majority of whom also had creatine kinase estimation and biopsy of EDC. The subjects were categorised as having an acute-onset post-viral fatigue syndrome, a non-specific chronic fatigue or possible muscle disease in view of(More)