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Ghrelin is a novel growth hormone-releasing peptide, originally identified in the rat stomach as the endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue-receptor (GHS-R1a). Ghrelin is involved in the regulation of GH release, but it has recently been suggested that ghrelin may have other actions, including effects on appetite, carbohydrate metabolism,(More)
OBJECTIVE Carney complex (CNC) is an autosomal dominant multiple neoplasia syndrome featuring cardiac, endocrine, cutaneous and neural tumours, as well as a variety of pigmented lesions of the skin and mucosa. Pituitary GH-secreting tumours are found in approximately 10% of patients with CNC. One of the genes responsible for CNC, the PRKAR1A gene located on(More)
Metastases to the adrenal glands are common in patients with cancer but symptomatic Addison's disease is rarely noted in this population. The development of body computerized tomography (CT) allows the diagnosis of adrenal metastases to be made more readily antemortem. From 1980 to 1981, 19% (4/21) of patients at the Massachusetts General Hospital who had(More)
Cushing's syndrome requires a screening test of high sensitivity, followed by biochemical evaluation of the source of the tumor when the cause is ACTH dependent. The high-dose dexamethasone suppression test is still in common use as an aid in differential diagnosis, although its value has been queried. We have routinely used the low-dose dexamethasone(More)
CONTEXT Pituitary adenomas and pheochromocytomas/paragangliomas (pheo/PGL) can occur in the same patient or in the same family. Coexistence of the two diseases could be due to either a common pathogenic mechanism or a coincidence. OBJECTIVE The objective of the investigation was to study the possible coexistence of pituitary adenoma and pheo/PGL. DESIGN(More)
Cushing's syndrome is an uncommon disorder, but one that often presents diagnostic challenges to the managing physician. Since the 1960's, dynamic tests have been a mainstay of the investigation of this disorder, both to make the diagnosis and then to identify the cause. It is in this latter role that these tests provide the greatest results, particularly(More)
Pituitary tumours have previously been shown to harbour several abnormalities that cause deregulation of the cell cycle, particularly down-regulation of expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27. However, it has been unclear whether these are the primary initiating events, or are secondary to other more proximate alterations in signalling(More)
OBJECTIVES Microarray technology allows for the expression profile of many thousands of genes to be quantified at the same time, and has resulted in novel discoveries about the tumour biology of a number of cancers. We sought to do this in pituitary adenomas, the most common intracranial neoplasm. METHODS Affymetrix GeneChip HG-U133A oligonucleotide(More)
CONTEXT Familial isolated pituitary adenoma (FIPA) due to aryl hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein (AIP) gene mutations is an autosomal dominant disease with incomplete penetrance. Clinical screening of apparently unaffected AIP mutation (AIPmut) carriers could identify previously unrecognized disease. OBJECTIVE To determine the AIP mutational status(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an essential regulator of the macrophage responses to endotoxin. MIF also has the ability to override the anti-inflammatory actions of glucocorticoids during an immune response, and is thus an important pro-inflammatory factor. The presence of MIF in cells of the anterior pituitary has been described, and high(More)