Damian Czarnecki

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PURPOSE Photon fields with energies above ∼7 MeV are contaminated by neutrons due to photonuclear reactions. Their influence on dosimetry-although considered to be very low-is widely unexplored. METHODS In this work, Monte Carlo based investigations into this issue performed with fluka and egsnrc are presented. A typical Linac head in 18 MV-X mode was(More)
The application of small photon fields in modern radiotherapy requires the determination of total scatter factors Scp or field factors Ω(f(clin), f(msr))(Q(clin), Q(msr)) with high precision. Both quantities require the knowledge of the field-size-dependent and detector-dependent correction factor k(f(clin), f(msr))(Q(clin), Q(msr)). The aim of this study(More)
The presence of an air filled ionization chamber in a surrounding medium introduces several fluence perturbations in high energy photon and electron beams which have to be accounted for. One of these perturbations, the displacement effect, may be corrected in two different ways: by a correction factor pdis or by the application of the concept of the(More)
PURPOSE The electron fluence inside a parallel-plate ionization chamber positioned in a water phantom and exposed to a clinical electron beam deviates from the unperturbed fluence in water in absence of the chamber. One reason for the fluence perturbation is the well-known "inscattering effect," whose physical cause is the lack of electron scattering in the(More)
PURPOSE National and international dosimetry protocols assume a position accuracy for ionization chambers of less than 0.2mm. To follow this precept the manufacturer PTW-Freiburg introduced a positioning assistance system (TRUFIX) for their particular ion chambers. Aim of this study is an experimental investigation of the positioning uncertainties for(More)
PURPOSE Verifying an algorithm to reconstruct relative initial photon fluence for clinical use. Clinical EPID and CT images were acquired to reconstruct an external photon radiation treatment field. The reconstructed initial photon fluence could be used to verify the treatment or calculate the applied dose to the patient. METHODS The acquired EPID images(More)
PURPOSE The impact of removing the flattening filter on absolute dosimetry based on IAEA's TPR-398 and AAPM's TG-51 was investigated in this study using Monte Carlo simulations. METHODS The EGSnrc software package was used for all Monte Carlo simulations performed in this work. Five different ionization chambers and nine linear accelerator heads have been(More)
PURPOSE In current dosimetry protocols [AAPM TG51, IAEA TRS-389] the beam quality correction factor kQ and the water-to-air restricted mass collision stopping-power ratio SPR are related to beam quality specifiers %dd(10)x respectively TPR20,10 Determining kQ and SPR using these regular beam quality specifiers for conventional accelerators (WFF) and(More)
PURPOSE The impact of removing the flattening filter in clinical electron accelerators on the relationship between dosimetric quantities such as beam quality specifiers and the mean photon and electron energies of the photon radiation field was investigated by Monte Carlo simulations. The purpose of this work was to determine the uncertainties when using(More)
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