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This paper investigates the effect of recent reforms of budgetary institutions in Uganda and Zambia. We argue that cash budgeting has brought clear benefits in terms of improved expenditure control with regard to line ministries. However, contrary to what is often suggested, adoption of a cash budget has not provided a means for top politicians in either(More)
An epidemiological study of gastrointestinal nematode infections of cattle was conducted on the highveld of Zimbabwe from June 1993 to May 1995. The study was carried out in two communal areas, two conventional beef farms and two commercial beef farms with irrigated pastures. On all farms/areas, faecal egg counts were low (< 500 eggs per g faeces) during(More)
The effect of 1% moxidectin/cydectin at 0.2 mg/kg live weight on gastrointestinal nematodes and on the growth of calves, weaners and cows was investigated in five communal areas on the highveld of Zimbabwe. Three field experiments were carried out between March 1996 and June 1997. In experiment 1, treatment was administered in all five areas at the end of(More)
The immune response of calves against excretory secretory (ES) products of adult Haemonchus placei was studied. The ES products of adult H. placei comprise at least ten polypeptides with molecular weights ranging from 10 to over 100 kDa. A primary infection of calves with H. placei did not result in a marked elevation of IgG serum antibodies reactive to ES(More)
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