Daman J. Adlam

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OBJECTIVE To examine by immunohistochemistry the relative distributions of 6 matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs 1, 2, 3, 8, 9, and 13) and the 2 proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) in osteoarthritic (OA) cartilage compared with normal, age-matched articular cartilage. METHODS Articular cartilage(More)
A novel electrochemical technique which detects and monitors real-time changes in cell behavior in vitro has been used to examine the effects of recognized anticancer drugs on the human ovarian carcinoma cell line A2780 and its adriamycin (A2780adr)- and cisplatin (A2780cispt)-resistant variants. These cells, adherent to gold electrodes or sensors, modify(More)
This article describes a novel electrochemical technique for the real-time monitoring of changes in the behaviour of adherent human cells in vitro: i.e., a biosensor that combines a biological recognition mechanism with a physical transduction technique, described collectively as Oncoprobe. Confluent viable cells adherent to gold electrodes (sensors) modify(More)
The use of injectable pH-responsive doubly cross-linked microgels (DX microgels) to improve the mechanical properties of degenerated intervertebral discs is demonstrated for the first time. The microgel comprised methyl methacrylate (MMA), methacrylic acid (MAA), ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (EGD) and glycidyl methacrylate (GM) and was(More)
The potential of various pH-responsive alkyl (meth)acrylate ester- and (meth)acrylic acid-based copolymers, including poly(methyl methacrylate-co-acrylic acid) (PMMA-AA) and poly(n-butyl acrylate-co-methacrylic acid) (PBA-MAA), to form pH-sensitive biocompatible and biodegradable hollow particle gel scaffolds for use in non-load-bearing soft tissue(More)
We report the development of a multiwell biosensor for detecting changes in the electrochemical open circuit potential (OCP) generated by viable human cells in vitro. The instrument features eight culture wells; each containing three gold sensors around a common silver/silver chloride reference electrode, prepared using screen-printed conductive inks. The(More)
We report the application of an electrochemical biosensor (Oncoprobe; Marks & Clerk, Manchester, UK) to determine whether changes in the open circuit potential (OCP) of rat mammary adenocarcinoma cells (MTLn3) treated in vitro with four cytotoxic anticancer drugs could predict their effects in vivo. MTLn3 cells were seeded onto sensors, then exposed to each(More)
Nanogels are crosslinked polymer particles with a swollen size between 1 and 100 nm. They are of major interest for advanced surface coatings, drug delivery, diagnostics and biomaterials. Synthesising polyacid nanogels that show triggered swelling using a scalable approach is a key objective of polymer colloid chemistry. Inspired by the ability of polar(More)
In this study we mixed low concentrations of graphene oxide (GO) with microgel (MG) particles and formed composite doubly cross-linked microgels (DX MG/GO) gels. The MG particles comprised poly(ethyl acrylate-co-methacrylic acid-co-1,4-butanediol diacrylate) with pendant glycidyl methacrylate units. The MG/GO mixed dispersions formed physical gels of singly(More)
In this study hydrogel composites are investigated that contain sacrificial pH-responsive collapsed hollow particles (CHPs) entrapped within a poly(acrylamide) (PAAm) network. The CHPs were prepared using a scalable (mainly) water-based method and had a bowl-like morphology that was comparable to that of red blood cells. The CHPs were constructed from(More)
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