Dalton Valentim Vassallo

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Increased cardiovascular risk after mercury exposure has been described, but the underlying mechanisms are not well explored. We analyzed the effects of chronic exposure to low mercury concentrations on endothelium-dependent responses in aorta and mesenteric resistance arteries (MRA). Wistar rats were treated with mercury chloride (1st dose 4.6 microg/kg,(More)
Eugenol is a natural pungent substance and the main component of clove oil, with vasorelaxant action. To elucidate some of the possible mechanisms involved in this action isometric tension was measured in aortic rings from male Wistar rats precontracted with phenylephrine (PHE, 10(-7) M) or KCl (75 mM). Responses to increasing concentrations of eugenol(More)
Skinned fiber preparations are used to obtain the maximal contractile activation of isolated myocardial preparations. Tetanic contractions elicited in the presence of sarcoplasmic reticulum inhibitors have also been used as an alternative method to produce maximal active tension in the intact myocardium. In this work our purpose was to define the best(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Exposure to mercury is known to increase cardiovascular risk but the underlying mechanisms are not well explored. We analysed whether chronic exposure to low mercury doses affects endothelial modulation of the coronary circulation. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Left coronary arteries and hearts from Wistar rats treated with either HgCl(2)(More)
We investigated the cardiovascular effects of lead exposure, emphasising its direct action on myocardial contractility. Male Wistar rats were sorted randomly into two groups: control (Ct) and treatment with 100 ppm of lead (Pb) in the drinking water. Blood pressure (BP) was measured weekly. At the end of the treatment period, the animals were anaesthetised(More)
We have previously demonstrated that chronic exposure to low-dose of mercury induced endothelial dysfunction and increased vasoconstrictor responses. The aim of this work was to investigate if mercury exposure alters contractile prostanoids production from cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and its contribution to phenylephrine responses. For this, aortic segments(More)
Heavy metals have been used in a wide variety of human activities that have significantly increased both professional and environmental exposure. Unfortunately, disasters have highlighted the toxic effects of metals on different organs and systems. Over the last 50 years, the adverse effects of chronic lead, mercury and gadolinium exposure have been(More)
Chronic lead exposure induces hypertension affecting endothelial function. We investigated whether low-concentration lead exposure alters blood pressure and vascular reactivity, focusing on the roles of NO, oxidative stress, cyclooxygenase-derived vasoconstrictor prostanoids, and the local angiotensin-renin system. Aortic rings from 3-month-old Wistar rats(More)
Venomous fish are often involved in human accidents and symptoms of envenomation include local (intense pain and swelling) and systemic effects (cardiovascular and neurological disorders). However the only commercially available antivenom is against the Indo-Pacific stonefish Synanceja trachynisStonefish Antivenom (SFAV). The aim of the present study was to(More)
The diabetes mellitus insulin-dependent is usually associated with cardiovascular disorders and with changes in the activity of the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase. The effects of ouabain, a Na(+),K(+)-ATPase inhibitor, on the pressor response of 7-day streptozotocin-induced diabetes were investigated in anesthetized rats and on the vascular reactivity of the perfused(More)