Dalma Seboek

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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) from mouse bone marrow were shown to adopt a pancreatic endocrine phenotype in vitro and to reverse diabetes in an animal model. MSC from human bone marrow and adipose tissue represent very similar cell populations with comparable phenotypes. Adipose tissue is abundant and easily accessible and could thus also harbor cells with(More)
Circulating levels of calcitonin precursors (CTpr), including procalcitonin (ProCT), increase up to several thousand-fold in human sepsis, and immunoneutralization improves survival in two animal models of this disease. Herein, we analyzed inflammation-mediated calcitonin I gene (CALC I) expression in human adipocyte primary cultures and in adipose tissue(More)
Mesenchymal cells in the developing pancreas express the neural stem cell marker nestin and the transcription factor islet-1 (Isl-1). Using defined culture conditions we isolated on a single cell basis nestin producing cells from human pancreatic islets. These cells were immortalized with lentiviral vectors coding for telomerase and mBmi. They are positive(More)
Human adipose tissue is a contributor to inflammation- and sepsis-induced elevation of serum procalcitonin (ProCT). Several calcitonin (CT) peptides, including ProCT, CT gene-related peptide (CGRP), and adrenomedullin (ADM) are suspected mediators in human inflammatory diseases. Therefore, we aimed to explore the expression, interactions, and potential(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the roles of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and PBMC-derived macrophages in sepsis-related increased procalcitonin and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) I production. DESIGN Prospective, in vitro primary human cell culture study and human tissue samples gene expression analysis. SETTING University hospital research(More)
Our objectives were to identify Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in human bone marrow derived adipocytes, to test specific TLR agonists for their ability to induce a proinflammatory response, and to investigate possible metabolic effects after TLR activation, in particular, those associated with insulin resistance and lipolysis. Mesenchymal stem cells were(More)
Chronic exposure to glucocorticoid hormones, resulting from either drug treatment or Cushing's syndrome, results in insulin resistance, central obesity, and symptoms similar to the metabolic syndrome. We hypothesized that the major metabolic effects of corticosteroids are mediated by changes in the key metabolic enzyme adenosine monophosphate-activated(More)
Adipose tissue-derived cytokines are presumably involved in obesity-associated pathologies including type 2 diabetes and atherosclerosis. Here we studied the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced expression dynamics of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8 and IL-10 in human adipose tissue biopsies, in preadipocyte-derived(More)
Somatostatin (SRIF) is a well-known neuroendocrine secretion product. SRIF expression and secretion are induced after inflammation in murine macrophages and in endotoxin-injected sheep and pigs. Because adipocytes have been demonstrated to produce numerous cytokines and peptide hormones, we investigated the expression of SRIF and its receptors (SSTR1-5) in(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been recognized as a potential mediator of inflammation-induced metabolic alterations, including insulin resistance. However, expression mechanisms and potential roles of endothelial and inducible NO synthases (eNOS and iNOS, respectively) in human adipocytes are poorly understood. In the present study, we aimed to analyze several(More)