Dalma Lamosová

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The pineal hormone melatonin controls reproduction of photoperiodic mammals and is an integral part of the circadian organization in birds. Recent findings indicate an involvement of this hormone also in more basic physiological processes, including growth, development, and aging. Melatonin may modulate growth in poultry through interaction with(More)
The effect of feed restriction on plasma hormones (triiodothyronine - T(3), thyroxine - T(4), and corticosterone), protein, lipid, carbohydrate, and mineral metabolism and activity of plasma enzymes (creatine kinase, alkaline phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase, and alanine aminotransferase) were studied in meat type female chickens (Gallus gallus). Ad(More)
In the present study we used the primary cultures of chick embryonic muscle and liver cells as a model for potential mutual combination effects of leptin and insulin, respectively. The influence of both homones on the proliferation and protein synthesis was dose-dependent and related to the age of embryos from which the cells were isolated. Leptin (10 and(More)
This is the first study of plasma biochemical parameters in free-living altricial birds during an entire developmental period in a nest, represented by European starling (Sturnus vulgaris). Dynamics of postnatal changes from hatching until close to fledging (days 1 to 15) were registered. Parameters of protein metabolism represented by total proteins,(More)
Potential changes in the activity of endocrine axes related to growth as a result of leptin administration during embryonic development of birds were evaluated in the Japanese quail as a model bird with fast growth and development. On day 5 of incubation, 0.1 microg or 1 microg of recombinant mice leptin in 50 microl of phosphate buffered saline were(More)
Hypokalaemia increases the risk for life-threatening arrhythmias; however, data about interaction with thyroid status are lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate vulnerability of l-thyroxine (T(4))-treated adult and old rats to low K(+)-induced ventricular fibrillation (VF) as well as the ability of the heart to recover sinus rhythm. The(More)
Rooibos tea (RT) extract contains natural antioxidants and scavenging agents. We investigated the effects of different concentrations of RT extract in medium on growth and changes of growth parameters of cultured chick embryonic skeletal muscle cells. Presence of 2, 10 and 100% of RT extract in the culture of primary cells significantly inhibited cell(More)
1. Melatonin administration in drinking water (5 micrograms/ml) to Japanese quail resulted in a 20-fold increase of plasma melatonin levels in comparison with the control, day time concentration (0.34 +/- 0.05 vs 6.88 +/- 1.10 nmol/l). 2. Plasma triiodothyronine levels increased (5.8 +/- 0.93 vs 7.97 +/- 0.64 nmol/l), corticosterone decreased (28.04 +/-(More)
In contrast to the situation in mammals, in which circadian melatonin production by the pineal gland does not begin until some time after birth, the development of pineal gland rhythmicity is an embryonic event in the precocial domestic fowl. A distinct melatonin rhythm was found in 19-d-old chick embryos maintained under light:dark (LD) 16:8. No(More)
The discovery of hormone leptin has led to better understanding of the energy balance control. In addition to its effects on food intake and energy expenditure, leptin has now been implicated as a mediator of diverse physiological functions. Recently, leptin has been cloned in several domestic species. The sequence similarity suggests a common function or(More)