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BACKGROUND Anethum graveolens Linn., Foeniculum vulgare Mill. and Trachyspermum ammi L. are widely used traditional medicinal plants to treat various ailments. To provide a scientific basis to traditional uses of these plants, their aqueous and organic seed extracts, as well as isolated phytoconstituents were evaluated for their antibacterial potential. (More)
Fungal isolates (Aspergillus wentii 1, A. wentii 2, Penicillium citrinum, Penicillium granulatum) were selected to study their in vitro antioxidant potential by various assay procedures. Czapek-Dox's medium was selected for the growth of fungi as it supported the best antioxidant activity based on their EC(50) values, P. citrinum was the best followed by P.(More)
Degradation by white rot fungi has the potential to increase digestibility of wheat straw and thus improve its value as animal feed. To optimize conditions for production of lignocellulolytic enzymes by Phlebia floridensis during solid state fermentation of wheat straw along with enhancement of in vitro digestibility, a response surface methodology (RSM)(More)
Laccase production was higher in malt extract medium than in lignin, andPolyporus sanguineus appears to be better thanPolyporus versicolor andTrametes hirsuta (syn.Polyporus hirsutus) for enzyme production. Phenolic compounds, of which resorcinol was the most active, induced enzyme production; while sugars repressed it. A temperature of 37°C, pH 3 and(More)
The present study was carried out to examine the ability of four species of the genus Phlebia, viz. P. floridensis, P. brevispora, P. radiata and P. fascicularia, to produce the ligninolytic enzyme laccase in liquid culture. P. floridensis was the most active species that even surpassed laccase production by Trametes versicolor, and was chosen for further(More)
White rot fungi produce three main extracellular enzymes involved in ligninolysis; laccase, lignin peroxidase and manganese peroxidase. Though all white rot fungi do not produce all three enzymes, laccase occupies an important place in ligninolysis. The present paper reports its production by some white rot fungi; Daedalea flavida, Phlebia brevispora,(More)
Eight white-rot fungal strains were screened for biodecolourisation of eight dyes commercially employed in various industries. Decolourisation of Poly R 478 was used as a standard to ascertain the dye-decolourisation potential of various fungi. All the fungi tested significantly decolourised Poly R 478 on solid agar medium. When tested in a nitrogen-limited(More)
The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of a wide range of culture conditions on production of ligninolytic enzymes by Polyporus sanguineus and Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Lignin peroxidase production by P. sanguineus was comparable with that of P. chrysosporium, although the culture conditions giving the highest yield varied greatly between(More)
Spices have been shown to possess medicinal value, in particular, antimicrobial activity. This study compares the sensitivity of some human pathogenic bacteria and yeasts to various spice extracts and commonly employed chemotherapeutic substances. Of the different spices tested only garlic and clove were found to possess antimicrobial activity. The(More)
Boswellic acids are pentacyclic triterpenes, which are produced in plants belonging to the genus Boswellia. Boswellic acids appear in the resin exudates of the plant and it makes up 25-35% of the resin. β-boswellic acid, 11-keto-β-boswellic acid and acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid have been implicated in apoptosis of cancer cells, particularly that of brain(More)