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On-farm varietal biodiversity was studied through household surveys in two high potential production systems in Chitwan and Nawalparasi districts of the Nepal Terai and in Lunawada sub-district, Gujarat, India. Diversity was extremely low in Chaite rice in the Nepal study area (weighted diversity 0.04) and low in main season rice in the India study area(More)
 Root growth is an important component of the adaptation of rice to drought-prone environments. A hydroponic screen was used to study root growth of 28 rice varieties. Both maximum root length and adventitious root thickness varied widely between varieties. In general, japonica varieties had larger root systems than indica varieties. Two F2 populations(More)
In the breeding of self-pollinating crops, crossing creates variation upon which selection is exerted. If the value of crosses cannot be predicted then this uncertainty means that many crosses need to be made. However, since there is a limit to the capacity of a breeding programme, more numerous crosses result in each cross having a small population size,(More)
Altering root morphology of rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars could improve yields in drought-prone upland ecosystems. Marker-assisted backcross breeding was used to introgress four QTLs for root traits into an upland rice cultivar. The QTLs had previously been identified under experimental conditions in a different genetic background. The introgressed lines(More)
When the population under investigation consists of highly inbred lines the full triple test-cross of Kearsey and Jinks (1968) supplemented by the selfed progenies of the population allows unambiguous and independent tests for epistasis and the adequacy of the pure-breeding testers, L1 and L2. This can also be achieved by supplementing the simplified triple(More)
For studying the inheritance of metric traits, diallel cross and factorial mating designs are commonly used. Since factorial mating design is less restrictive in crossing plans, the genetic information drawn from it was compared with that from a diallel cross. The comparison was made using graphical, genetic components and combining ability analyses for(More)
We describe a participatory plant breeding (PPB) programme in rice for the rainfed uplands of eastern India. Collaborative participation (farmers grew and selected in segregating materials in their fields) and consultative participation (farmers selected among progenies in researchers' plots) were used. The PPB was started with only two crosses and, of(More)
There are many socioeconomic and technological constraints that affect the production of wheat and other staple cereals in South Asia. Wheat production is one of the economic mainstays in South Asia, but the yield gap between farmers’ fields and experimental yields is wide across the region. For the last 3 years, CIMMYT and the CAZS-NR have been(More)
On-farm varietal diversity is now highest in marginal agricultural environments because, unlike the case in more favourable areas, modern varieties have not been a sufficiently attractive option for farmers to replace their landraces. However, the continued survival of landraces on farm is dependent on the continuing failure of plant breeding to provide(More)
Repeatability of mean downy mildew (Sclerospora graminicola (Sacc.) Schroet.) incidence, regression coefficients and deviation mean squares were investigated for 25 pearl millet (Pennisetum typhoides (Burm.) Stapf. & Hubb.) genotypes in 20 environments by correlating arrays of these stability parameters over subsets of the 20 environments arranged according(More)