Learn More
G protein-activated K+ channels (Kir3 or GIRK) are activated by direct binding of Gbetagamma. The binding sites of Gbetagamma in the ubiquitous GIRK1 (Kir3.1) subunit have not been unequivocally charted, and in the neuronal GIRK2 (Kir3.2) subunit the binding of Gbetagamma has not been studied. We verified and extended the map of Gbetagamma-binding sites in(More)
Cardiac and neuronal G protein-activated K+ channels (GIRK; Kir3) open following the binding of Gbetagamma subunits, released from Gi/o proteins activated by neurotransmitters. GIRKs also possess basal activity contributing to the resting potential in neurons. It appears to depend largely on free Gbetagamma, but a Gbetagamma-independent component has also(More)
GIRK (Kir3) channels are activated by neurotransmitters coupled to G proteins, via a direct binding of G(beta)(gamma). The role of G(alpha) subunits in GIRK gating is elusive. Here we demonstrate that G(alpha)(i) is not only a donor of G(beta)(gamma) but also regulates GIRK gating. When overexpressed in Xenopus oocytes, GIRK channels show excessive basal(More)
G protein-activated K(+) channels (GIRKs; Kir3) are activated by direct binding of Gbetagamma subunits released from heterotrimeric G proteins. In native tissues, only pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins of the G(i/o) family, preferably Galpha(i3) and Galpha(i2), are donors of Gbetagamma for GIRK. How this specificity is achieved is not known. Here, using(More)
The sigma B transcription factor of Bacillus subtilis is activated in response to a variety of environmental stresses, including those imposed by entry into the stationary-growth phase, and by heat, salt or ethanol challenge to logarithmically growing cells. Although sigma B is thought to control a general stress regulon, the range of cellular functions it(More)
(PTX)-sensitive G␣ i/o proteins activate GIRK (Wickman and Pharmacology and Clapham, 1995); the preferred donors of G␤␥ are University of Texas G␣ i2 and G␣ i3 but not G␣ o (Kozasa et al., 1996; Sowell Houston Medical School et al., 1997). We have previously found that, in excised Houston, Texas 77030 patches of Xenopus oocytes, G ␤␥-induced GIRK activation(More)
Transcription factor sigma B of Bacillus subtilis controls a large stationary-phase regulon, but in no case has the physiological function of any gene in this regulon been identified. Here we show that transcription of gtaB is partly dependent on sigma B in vivo and that gtaB encodes UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase. The gtaB reading frame was initially(More)
Multiple antigen peptide constructs (MAPs) have been used to obtain defined multimeric peptide molecules useful in the development of possible synthetic malaria vaccines. In this context, a method was developed, named double dimer constructs (DDCs), involving the direct synthesis of a dimeric peptide with a C-terminal cysteine. A tetrameric molecule was(More)
  • 1