Dalia Urboniene

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Mutations in striated muscle alpha-tropomyosin (alpha-TM), an essential thin filament protein, cause both dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Two distinct point mutations within alpha-tropomyosin are associated with the development of DCM in humans: Glu40Lys and Glu54Lys. To investigate the functional consequences of(More)
Right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) and RV failure contribute to morbidity and mortality in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The cause of RV dysfunction and the feasibility of therapeutically targeting the RV are uncertain. We hypothesized that RV dysfunction and electrical remodeling in RVH result, in part, from a glycolytic shift in the myocyte,(More)
It is currently unclear whether left ventricular (LV) myofilament function is depressed in experimental LV hypertrophy (LVH) or congestive heart failure (CHF). To address this issue, we studied pressure overload-induced LV hypertrophy (POLVH) and myocardial infarction-elicited congestive heart failure (MICHF) in rats. LV myocytes were isolated from control,(More)
High-frequency echocardiography and high-field-strength magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are new noninvasive methods for quantifying pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and right ventricular (RV) hypertrophy (RVH). We compared these noninvasive methods of assessing the pulmonary circulation to the gold standard, cardiac catheterization(More)
We investigated the role of inducible NOS (iNOS) on cardiac function during the development of left ventricular hypertrophy. Hypertrophy was induced by pressure-overload via short-term (2.5 months) or long-term (6.5 months) aortic banding (AoB) in wild-type (WT) and iNOS knock out (iNOSKO) mice. Cardiac function was then assessed via echocardiography, in(More)
Compared with the adult, neonatal heart muscle is less sensitive to deactivation by acidic pH. We hypothesized that expression of slow skeletal troponin I (ssTnI), the embryonic isoform, in adult heart would help maintain left ventricular (LV) systolic function during respiratory hypercapnia. We assessed LV function by transthoracic 2D-targeted M-mode and(More)
INTRODUCTION Creation of radiofrequency lesions to isolate the pulmonary veins (PV) and ablate atrial fibrillation (AF) has been complicated by stenosis of the PVs. We tested a cryoballoon technology that can create electrical isolation of the PVs, with the hypothesis that cryoenergy will not result in PV stenosis. METHODS AND RESULTS Lesions were created(More)
INTRODUCTION The extent of left atrial (LA) mechanical function recovery after creation of linear lesions using the loop catheter has not been determined. METHODS AND RESULTS LA mechanical function was assessed before and after linear lesions using transthoracic two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography in two groups: (1) normal, which consisted of(More)
We report characterization of a transgenic mouse that overexpresses constitutively active protein kinase Cepsilon in the heart and slowly develops a dilated cardiomyopathy with failure. The hemodynamic, mechanical, and biochemical properties of these hearts demonstrate a series of temporal events that mark the progression of the disease. In the 3-month(More)
Myofilament dysfunction is a common point of convergence for many forms of heart failure. Recently, we showed that cardiac overexpression of PKC epsilon initially depresses myofilament activity and then leads to a progression of changes characteristic of human heart failure. Here, we examined the effects of PKC epsilon on contractile reserve, Starling(More)