Dalia Somjen

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Post-menopausal women have higher incidence of heart diseases compared to pre-menopausal women, suggesting a protective role for estrogen. The recently Women's Health Initiative (WHI) randomized controlled trial concluded that the overall heart risk exceeded benefits from use of combined estrogen and progestin as hormone replacement therapy for an average(More)
BACKGROUND 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D3 exerts multiple effects in human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). We therefore tested the possibility that VSMCs possess an endogenous 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-1alpha-hydroxylase system, the final enzyme in the biosynthetic pathway of 1,25(OH)2D3. METHODS AND RESULTS We assessed the expression and activity of(More)
The cardiovascular effect of estrogen is currently under intense investigation, but the role of androgens in vascular biology has attracted little attention. Because endothelial repair and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation affect atherogenesis, we analyzed the effects of 17beta-estradiol (E2), dihydrotestosterone (DHT), and sex hormone(More)
There is an increasing demand for natural compounds that improve women's health by mimicking the critical benefits of estrogen to the bones and the cardiovascular system but avoiding its deleterious effects on the breast and uterus. The estrogenic properties of glabridin, the major isoflavan in licorice root, were tested in view of the resemblance of its(More)
Licorice root extract and its major isoflavan, glabridin, exhibited varying degrees of estrogen receptor (ER) agonism in different tissues in vitro and in vivo. Animals fed with licorice extract, compared with estradiol and glabridin, showed an increase in creatine kinase (CK) activity, a known marker for estrogen responsive genes, which was higher than(More)
Carboxy derivatives of isoflavones that exhibit oestrogenic/anti-oestrogenic properties were used as carriers for affinity drug targeting to H295R adrenocortical carcinoma cells that express transcripts of oestrogen receptor (ER) alpha and beta. These derivatives were prepared by introducing a carboxymethyl group at the 6-position of genistein and of(More)
The novel natural product DT56a (Tofupill/Femarelle), derived from soybean, has been shown to relieve menopausal vasomotor symptoms and to increase bone mineral density with no effect on sex steroid hormone levels or endometrial thickness. In the present study, we compared the effects of DT56a and estradiol-17beta (E2) on bone and cartilage (Ep) of immature(More)
Vitamin D metabolites and its less-calcemic analogs (vitamin D compounds) are beneficial for bone and modulate cell growth and energy metabolism. We now analyze whether 25(OH)D(3) (25D), 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) (1,25D), 24,25(OH)(2)D(3) (24,25D), JKF1624F(2)-2 (JKF) or QW1624F(2)-2 (QW) regulate lipooxygenase (LO) mRNA expression and its products;(More)
Data from both in vivo and in vitro experiments demonstrated that glabridin and glabrene are similar to estradiol-17beta in their stimulation of the specific activity of creatine kinase, although at higher concentrations, but differ in their extent of action and interaction with other drugs. In pre-menopausal human bone cells, the response to(More)
Pretreatment with 1 nM 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25), or non-hypercalcemic Vitamin D analogs, upregulated the response of creatine kinase (CK) to 17beta-estradiol (30 nM E(2)), raloxifene (3000 nM RAL) or dihydrotestosterone (300 nM DHT) in primary human bone cells. Previously, we reported that these osteoblast-like cells responded to gonadal steroids(More)