Dalia Somjen

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Licorice root extract and its major isoflavan, glabridin, exhibited varying degrees of estrogen receptor (ER) agonism in different tissues in vitro and in vivo. Animals fed with licorice extract, compared with estradiol and glabridin, showed an increase in creatine kinase (CK) activity, a known marker for estrogen responsive genes, which was higher than(More)
The cardiovascular effect of estrogen is currently under intense investigation, but the role of androgens in vascular biology has attracted little attention. Because endothelial repair and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation affect atherogenesis, we analyzed the effects of 17beta-estradiol (E2), dihydrotestosterone (DHT), and sex hormone(More)
The phenomenon of mutual annihilation of action between 17beta estradiol (E(2)) and a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), previously described in prepubertal rat diaphysis, epiphysis and uterus, has been investigated in ROS 17/2.8 rat osteoblastic cells and in transiently co-transfected cells in culture. In ROS 17/2.8 cells, the estrogen-induced(More)
BACKGROUND 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D3 exerts multiple effects in human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). We therefore tested the possibility that VSMCs possess an endogenous 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-1alpha-hydroxylase system, the final enzyme in the biosynthetic pathway of 1,25(OH)2D3. METHODS AND RESULTS We assessed the expression and activity of(More)
Post-menopausal women have higher incidence of heart diseases compared to pre-menopausal women, suggesting a protective role for estrogen. The recently Women's Health Initiative (WHI) randomized controlled trial concluded that the overall heart risk exceeded benefits from use of combined estrogen and progestin as hormone replacement therapy for an average(More)
A quaternized form of tamoxifen (TAM), tamoxifen methiodide (TMI), was shown to demonstrate very low brain uptake compared to TAM and, unexpectedly, was considerably less estrogenic than TAM in the uterus. The agonist activity of TMI in the bone was similar to that of TAM. TMI manifested significant dose-dependent tumoricidal activity with a rapid onset of(More)
There is an increasing demand for natural compounds that improve women's health by mimicking the critical benefits of estrogen to the bones and the cardiovascular system but avoiding its deleterious effects on the breast and uterus. The estrogenic properties of glabridin, the major isoflavan in licorice root, were tested in view of the resemblance of its(More)
Carboxy derivatives of isoflavones that exhibit oestrogenic/anti-oestrogenic properties were used as carriers for affinity drug targeting to H295R adrenocortical carcinoma cells that express transcripts of oestrogen receptor (ER) alpha and beta. These derivatives were prepared by introducing a carboxymethyl group at the 6-position of genistein and of(More)
The novel natural product DT56a (Tofupill/Femarelle), derived from soybean, has been shown to relieve menopausal vasomotor symptoms and to increase bone mineral density with no effect on sex steroid hormone levels or endometrial thickness. In the present study, we compared the effects of DT56a and estradiol-17beta (E2) on bone and cartilage (Ep) of immature(More)
We have reported previously that dihydrotestosterone (DHT) induces a biphasic effect on DNA synthesis in human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), i.e. stimulation at low concentrations and inhibition at high concentrations. In contrast, DHT dose-dependently stimulated [(3)H]thymidine incorporation in a human endothelial cell line (ECV304). Additionally,(More)