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Licorice root extract and its major isoflavan, glabridin, exhibited varying degrees of estrogen receptor (ER) agonism in different tissues in vitro and in vivo. Animals fed with licorice extract, compared with estradiol and glabridin, showed an increase in creatine kinase (CK) activity, a known marker for estrogen responsive genes, which was higher than(More)
There is an increasing demand for natural compounds that improve women's health by mimicking the critical benefits of estrogen to the bones and the cardiovascular system but avoiding its deleterious effects on the breast and uterus. The estrogenic properties of glabridin, the major isoflavan in licorice root, were tested in view of the resemblance of its(More)
We have reported previously that dihydrotestosterone (DHT) induces a biphasic effect on DNA synthesis in human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), i.e. stimulation at low concentrations and inhibition at high concentrations. In contrast, DHT dose-dependently stimulated [(3)H]thymidine incorporation in a human endothelial cell line (ECV304). Additionally,(More)
Thyroid status was altered by use of a low-iodine-perchlorate (PC) regimen and either reversal with NaI or injections of L-3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3). The PC regimen decreased renal and hepatic oxygen consumption (QO2), alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (alpha-GPDH), and Na+-K+-dependent adenosine triphosphatase (Na-K-ATPase) to comparable extents (25(More)
BACKGROUND We demonstrated previously that phytoestrogens and vitamin D analogs like estradiol-17β (E2) modulate bone morphology in rat female model. AIM We now analyze the effects of phytoestrogens, E2, selective E2 re ceptor modulators, and the less-calcemic analogs of vitamin D: JKF1624F2-2 (JKF) or QW1624F2-2 (QW) on fat content in bone marrow (BM)(More)
The novel genistein (G) derivative, 6-carboxymethyl genistein (CG) was evaluated for its biological properties in comparison with G. Both compounds showed oestrogenic activity in vitro and in vivo. On the other hand G and CG differed in the following parameters: (i) only CG displayed mixed agonist-antagonist activity for oestrogen receptor (ER) alpha in(More)
The isoflavones biochanin A ( 1a), genistein ( 1b), and daidzein ( 4) at concentrations >20 microM inhibit cell growth of various cancer cell lines. To enhance the antiproliferative activities of these compounds, we synthesized three analogs, 2-[3-carboxy-(6-tert-butoxycarbonylamino)-hexylamino-propyl]-7,5-dihydroxy-4'-methoxyisoflavone ( 3a),(More)
In cultured human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), estradiol-17beta (E2) induced a biphasic effect on DNA synthesis, i.e., stimulation at low concentrations and inhibition at high concentrations. Additionally, E2 increased the specific activity of creatine kinase (CK) in these cells. Observations that novel protein-bound membrane impermeant estrogenic(More)
Studies from our laboratory revealed that direct application of physical strain (PS) to cultured bone cells stimulated synthesis of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in a specific population of cells. We found that PGE2 induced the cellular production of cAMP in several bone cell types, whereas the induction of DNA synthesis was limited to osteoblastlike cells.(More)