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The dual plane technique is a popular procedure for breast augmentation. However, traditional dual-plane augmentation mammaplasty usually requires incisions through the areola or inframammary crease, which produces a scar on the breast. Therefore, women may not favour this technique, especially Chinese women who are genetically susceptible to hyperplastic(More)
The axillary approach is the dominant incision used in China for breast augmentation. Systematic preoperative education regarding incision locations for breast augmentation is scarce in China. In this study, we surveyed Chinese patients to ascertain their preferences and concerns for incision location based on a comprehensive understanding of different(More)
An inverted nipple affects not only the aesthetic appearance of the breast but also breastfeeding. Most surgical procedures can cause injury to normal lactiferous ducts and sensory dysfunction. The authors present a simple, safe, and minimally invasive technique for treating inverted nipples. A distracter was made using the distal end of a 5- or 10-ml(More)
BACKGROUND The dual-plane technique has been widely used in augmentation mammaplasty procedures. However, there are some concerns about aesthetic contour maintenance for long time after muscle releasing. This study aims to track and analyze breast dynamic morphological changes after dual-plane breast augmentation with three-dimensional (3D) scanning(More)
After China announced a ban on polyacrylamide hydrogel (PAAG) in 2006, many patients desired the surgical removal of it. To minimize the length of incisions, some surgeons a adopted cannula aspiration and suction technique [1–4]. However, we found that not only is this technique inefficient for complete removal of PAAG, the injury caused by repeated(More)
BACKGROUND The groin lymph node flap transfer has been used for treatment of extremity lymphedema. The design of this flap is based on the superficial circumflex iliac artery/vein (SCIA/V), or superficial inferior epigastric artery/vein (SIEA/V). The purpose of this study is to delineate the distribution of lymph nodes in the groin area and their(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to introduce the key points about the transplantation of lower abdominal flap with vascularized lymph node and to evaluate the effect of breast restoration, breast reconstruction, and lymphatic transplantation to treat upper limb lymphedema after breast cancer surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was based on the(More)
Periareolar sebaceous cysts at the incision site after mastopexy and reduction mammaplasty are very unpleasant complications that affect the surgical result and the degree of patient satisfaction. The author sought to investigate the cause and prevention of such sebaceous cysts. Sixty patients undergoing mastopexy or reduction mammaplasty were randomly(More)
The inframammary fold (IMF) incision is widely used in Western countries for breast augmentation surgery, whereas the axillary incision is the dominant approach used in China, because many Chinese surgeons believe that the Asian population has a higher risk of developing hypertrophic scars. However, comparative data of scar assessment through different(More)