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WD40 repeat proteins play important roles in a variety of cellular functions, including cell growth, proliferation, apoptosis, and intracellular signal transduction. Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are evolutionary conserved enzymes in cell signal transduction connecting cell-surface receptors to critical regulatory targets within cells and(More)
Cerebellar dysfunction causes ataxia characterized by loss of balance and coordination. Until now, the molecular and neuronal mechanisms of several types of inherited cerebellar ataxia have not been completely clarified. Here, we report that leucine-rich G protein-coupled receptor 4 (Lgr4/Gpr48) is highly expressed in Purkinje cells (PCs) in the cerebellum.(More)
Activation of NF-κB and MAPK/activator protein 1 (AP-1) signaling pathways by receptor activator NF-κB ligand (RANKL) is essential for osteoclast activity. Targeting NF-κB and MAPK/AP-1 signaling to modulate osteoclast activity has been a promising strategy for osteoclast-related diseases. In this study we examined the effects of maslinic acid (MA), a(More)
Cytoplasmic HuR is associated with reduced survival in invasive breast cancer. We designed this study to determine the predictive and prognostic value of HuR expression in women with breast cancer who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgical resection. We immunohistochemically analyzed cytoplasmic HuR expression in tumor biopsy cores obtained(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) remains one of the most common cancers worldwide. We observed that MUC20 was significantly up-regulated in CRC patients with poor prognosis based on the microarray analysis. However, little is known about the role of MUC20 in CRC. Microarray experiments were performed on the Affymetrix U133 plus 2.0 GeneChip Array. The protein and(More)
Deletions and/or loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosome 15 (15q15 and 15q21) have been found in several human tumors, including carcinomas of the colorectum, breast, lung, prostate, and bladder, suggesting the presence of potential tumor suppressor gene(s) in this particular region of chromosome 15. GCIP also called CCNDBP1, DIP1, or HHM, localized at(More)
Kisspeptins are natural ligands of G protein-coupled receptor-54. Activation of KiSS1/G protein-coupled receptor-54 signaling pathways results in potent activation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis and initiates puberty. Recent data have shown that in female mice, KiSS1 is positively regulated by estradiol (E(2)) in the anteroventral(More)
BACKGROUND The one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) assay is an innovative method for the diagnosis of sentinel lymph node (SLN) metastases in breast cancer patients. The aim of the present study was to clinically validate the OSNA assay and compare its results with postoperative serial sectioning in a Chinese breast cancer population. METHODS A(More)
Transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs) are a powerful new approach for targeted gene disruption in various animal models, but little is known about their activities in Mus musculus, the widely used mammalian model organism. Here, we report that direct injection of in vitro transcribed messenger RNA of TALEN pairs into mouse zygotes induced(More)