Dale T. Karlson

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Dehydrins (DHNs) are typically induced in response to abiotic stresses that impose cellular dehydration. As extracellular freezing results in cellular dehydration, accumulation of DHNs and development of desiccation tolerance are believed to be key components of the cold acclimation (CA) process. The present study shows that RcDhn5, one of the DHNs from(More)
In Escherichia coli, a family of cold shock proteins (CSPs) function as transcription antiterminators or translational enhancers at low temperature by destabilizing RNA secondary structure. A wheat nucleic acid-binding protein (WCSP1) was found to contain a cold shock domain (CSD) bearing high similarity to E. coli cold shock proteins. In the present study,(More)
The molecular mechanisms of cold acclimation are still largely unknown; however, it has been established that overwintering plants such as winter wheat increases freeze tolerance during cold treatments. In prokaryotes, cold shock proteins are induced by temperature downshifts and have been proposed to function as RNA chaperones. A wheat cDNA encoding a(More)
Modification of proteins by the reversible covalent addition of the small ubiquitin like modifier (SUMO) protein has important consequences affecting target protein stability, sub-cellular localization, and protein-protein interactions. SUMOylation involves a cascade of enzymatic reactions, which resembles the process of ubiquitination. In this study, we(More)
In plants, Late Embryogenesis Abundant (LEA) proteins typically accumulate in response to low water availability conditions imposed during development or by the environment. Analogous proteins in other organisms are induced when exposed to stress conditions. Most of this diverse set of proteins can be grouped according to properties such as high(More)
Dehydrins are proteins associated with conditions affecting the water status of plant cells, such as drought, salinity, freezing and seed maturation. Although the function of dehydrins remains unknown, it is hypothesized that they stabilize membranes and macromolecules during cellular dehydration. Red-osier dogwood (Cornus sericea L.), an extremely(More)
Previously, we showed that an apparent cell wall-plasma membrane interaction in xylem ray parenchyma differed between cold acclimated and non-acclimated red-osier dogwood (Cornus sericea L.) (Ristic and Ashworth 1994). For the present study, a calcium chloride extraction method was used to identify cell-wall-associated xylem proteins that accumulated during(More)
The response of woody plant tissues to freezing temperature has evolved into two distinct behaviors: an avoidance strategy, in which intracellular water supercools, and a freeze-tolerance strategy, where cells tolerate the loss of water to extracellular ice. Although both strategies involve extracellular ice formation, supercooling cells are thought to(More)
The cold-induced wheat WCSP1 protein belongs to the cold shock domain (CSD) protein family. In prokaryotes and eukaryotes, the CSD functions as a nucleic acid-binding domain. Here, we demonstrated that purified recombinant WCSP1 is boiling soluble and binds ss/dsDNA and mRNA. Furthermore, boiled-WCSP1 retained its characteristic nucleic acid-binding(More)