Dale Roberts

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In five normal subjects, we analyzed uncalled for torsion (blips) during and after horizontal and vertical saccades. Torsion was defined as movement out of Listing's plane. During horizontal saccades in downward gaze the abducting eye extorted and the adducting eye intorted. The direction of the blips reversed in upward gaze. Peak torsional amplitudes (up(More)
PURPOSE To describe adaptive changes in torsional alignment that follow sustained cyclovergence in healthy humans. METHODS Eye movements were recorded binocularly from four healthy subjects using dual-coil scleral annuli. Cyclovergence movements were evoked over periods of 30 to 150 seconds using a stereoscopic display, presenting gratings of lines(More)
PURPOSE To establish an objective Hess screen test that allows a simultaneous and binocular analysis of all three axes of eye rotation. METHODS In orthotropic and strabismic human subjects, both eyes were recorded with dual scleral search coils in a three-field magnetic system. Before mounting the search coil annuli on the eyes, the voltage offsets of(More)
We investigated the effect of short-term vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) adaptation in normal human subjects on the dynamic properties of the velocity-to-position ocular motor integrator that holds positions of gaze. Subjects sat in a sinusoidally rotating chair surrounded by an optokinetic nystagmus drum. The movement of the visual surround (drum) was(More)
PURPOSE To compare motor and sensory capabilities for fusion of vertical disparities at different angles of horizontal vergence in healthy humans. METHODS Eye movements were recorded from both eyes of 12 healthy subjects using three-axis search coils. The stimulus was a cross (+) (3.4 x 3.2 degrees , vertically and horizontally, respectively) presented to(More)
We oscillated humans sinusoidally at 0.2 Hz for 1 h, using various combinations of rotations of the head and visual surround to elicit short-term adaptation of the gain of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). Before and after each period of training, the gain of the VOR was measured in darkness, in response to a position step of head rotation. A small foveal(More)
The three pairs of semicircular canals within the labyrinth are not perfectly aligned with the pulling directions of the six extraocular muscles. Therefore, for a given head movement, the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) depends upon central neural mechanisms that couple the canals to the muscles with the appropriate functional gains in order to generate a(More)
We study here the effect of a short-term training paradigm on the gain and phase of the human translational VOR (the linear VOR: LVOR). Subjects were exposed to lateral sinusoidal translations on a sled, at 0.5 Hz, 0.3 g peak acceleration. With subjects tracking a remembered target at 1.2 m, the LVOR (slow-phase) under these conditions typically has a phase(More)
UNLABELLED To study motor and sensory responses in vertical fusion at different angles of horizontal vergence in normal humans. METHODS The study included 12 normal subjects. A cross (+) extending 3.4 degrees x3.2 degrees was presented dichoptically. Vertical disparity was introduced by changing the vertical position of the cross in front of one eye. The(More)