Dale Roberts

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We investigated the effect of short-term vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) adaptation in normal human subjects on the dynamic properties of the velocity-to-position ocular motor integrator that holds positions of gaze. Subjects sat in a sinusoidally rotating chair surrounded by an optokinetic nystagmus drum. The movement of the visual surround (drum) was(More)
A three-dimensional numerical modeling of airflow in the human pharynx using an anatomically accurate model was conducted. The pharynx walls were assumed to be passive and rigid. The results showed that the pressure drop in the pharynx lies in the range 200-500 Pa. The onset of turbulence was found to increase the pressure drop by 40 percent. A wide range(More)
The scleral search-coil system is the accepted standard for precise and accurate recording of eye movements in the lab and clinic. One of the drawbacks of this system is the connecting wire that leads from the eye coil to the associated electronics; this wire causes irritation to the subject and has a tendency to break during experiments. We have developed(More)
The mechanism for the improved wear resistance of cross-linked ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) remains unclear. This study investigated the effect of cross-linking achieved by gamma irradiation in nitrogen on the tribologic, mechanical, and morphologic properties of UHMWPE. The goal of this study was to relate UHMWPE properties to the wear(More)
The aim of this study was to test the effects of a sustained nystagmus on the head impulse response of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) in healthy subjects. VOR gain (slow-phase eye velocity/head velocity) was measured using video head impulse test goggles. Acting as a surrogate for a spontaneous nystagmus (SN), a post-rotatory nystagmus (PRN) was elicited(More)
We study the probability of ruin before time t for the family of tempered stable Lévy insurance risk processes, which includes the spectrally positive inverse Gaussian processes. Numerical approximations of the ruin time distribution are derived via the Laplace transform of the asymptotic ruin time distribution, for which we have an explicit expression.(More)
PURPOSE The proper operation of a six degree of freedom couch (6DOFC) to position a patient for treatment requires that a number systems on the treatment unit work together correctly. Commissioning a 6DOFC requires not only the commissioning of each separate system but also commissioning the interactions between the systems. METHODS To commission a 6DOFC,(More)
It has been known for decades that Individuals working next to strong static magnetic fields can feel disoriented and vertiginous. Roberts et al. suggested this was due to peripheral vestibular stimulation. Indeed, humans, mice, and zebrafish while inside a strong, static magnetic field, all demonstrate behaviors consistent with peripheral vestibular(More)