Dale Robert Sengelaub

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The striatum, which processes cortical information for behavioral output, is a key target of Huntington's disease (HD), an autosomal dominant condition characterized by cognitive decline and progressive loss of motor control. Increasing evidence implicates deficient glutamate uptake caused by a down-regulation of GLT1, the primary astroglial glutamate(More)
The present study assessed whether prenatal androgen and estrogen exposure affected adult spatial learning and hippocampal morphology. Water maze performance, the CA1 and CA3 pyramidal cell field, and the dentate gyrus-granule cell layer (DG-GCL) morphology were assessed at adulthood (70+ days of age) in males, females, androgen-treated (testosterone(More)
Testosterone (T) regulates many traits related to fitness, including aggression. However, individual variation in aggressiveness does not always relate to circulating T, suggesting that behavioural variation may be more closely related to neural sensitivity to steroids, though this issue remains unresolved. To assess the relative importance of circulating T(More)
The nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM) is the major cholinergic projection to neocortex in the rat and plays a role in the modulation of cortical activity. Lesions of the NBM decrease thickness of lamina II-III of frontal cortex and decrease soma size of lamina II-III neurons. Additionally, aging produces changes in neuron size and numbers in the basal(More)
The spinal nucleus of the bulbocavernosus (SNB) contains many more motoneurons in adult male rats than in females. Androgens establish this sex difference during a critical perinatal period, which coincides with normally occurring cell death in the SNB region. Sex differences in SNB motoneuron number arise primarily because motoneuron loss is greater in(More)
Sex steroid hormones have been thought to alter behaviors in adulthood by changing the activity of neural circuits rather than by inducing major structural changes in these pathways. In a group of androgen-sensitive motoneurons that mediate male copulatory functions, decreases in androgen levels after castration of adult rats produced dramatic structural(More)
The spinal nucleus of the bulbocavernosus (SNB) is a sexually dimorphic group of motoneurons whose development and maintenance are under androgenic control. Exposure to androgens early in development permanently alters SNB motoneuron number and soma size; in adulthood, androgens regulate dendritic and synaptic architecture. The present set of experiments(More)
In adult monkeys with dorsal rhizotomies extending from the second cervical (C2) to the fifth thoracic (T5) vertebrae, cortex deprived of its normal inputs regained responsiveness to inputs conveyed by intact peripheral afferents from the face [T.P. Pons, P.E. Garraghty, A.K. Ommaya, J.H. Kaas, E. Taub, M. Mishkin, Massive reorganization of the primary(More)
Cell number in the spinal nucleus of the bulbocavernosus (SNB) of rats was the first neural sex difference shown to differentiate under the control of androgens, acting via classical intracellular androgen receptors. SNB motoneurons reside in the lumbar spinal cord and innervate striated muscles involved in copulation, including the bulbocavernosus (BC) and(More)
Degenerating cells may be observed with light microscopy in the hamster retinal ganglion cell layer during early postnatal development. On the first postnatal day, degenerating cell profiles were found at a rate of 2.7 per 1,000 live cells. This rate increased to a peak of 14.7 degenerating cells per 1,000 live on postnatal day 5 and then slowed to 4.2 per(More)