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This study tested the validity of the prediction of dynamic knee loads based on gait measurements. The relationship between the predicted loads at the knee and the distribution of bone between the medial and lateral sides of the tibia was examined. The motion and external forces and moments at the knee were measured during gait and a statically determinate(More)
Radiostereometric analysis (RSA) is used to measure translations of joint replacement components with respect to the host bone in vivo. We used two cadaveric models of hip arthroplasty, one human and one canine, to evaluate the accuracy and precision of RSA-based estimates of translations of the femoral component with respect to the femur under ideal(More)
Experimental studies of cementless porous-coated total hip arthroplasty indicate that a critical design variable for femoral remodeling is stem stiffness. In the long term (two years) in the canine model, other variables, including the presence, type, and placement of the porous coating, did not significantly affect the pattern of bone remodeling when(More)
The purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of pegs and screws on bone ingrowth into the tibial component in cementless total knee replacement. Left total knee replacements were performed in 21 mature male dogs with 3 cementless porous-coated tibial tray configurations (7 animals per group): (1) 4-peg design implanted with cortical screws(More)
Bone growth and repair are under the control of biochemical and mechanical signals. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) stimulation at 30mW/cm(2) is an established, widely used and FDA approved intervention for accelerating bone healing in fractures and non-unions. Although this LIPUS signal accelerates mineralization and bone regeneration, the actual(More)
Apparent age-related bone loss among adult females was observed in a skeletal sample derived from the free-ranging Gombe chimpanzee population of Tanzania. Photon absorptiometric and computed tomographic bone scans indicated that, as in humans, bone was lost from the endosteal surface, but, in contrast to humans, more bone was lost from cortical sites than(More)
Enhancement of bone ingrowth with transforming growth factor-beta was evaluated in a canine model. Ten dogs had bilateral implantation of a titanium-fiber-metal-coated rod in the proximal part of the humerus. A three-millimeter gap between the outer surface of the porous coating and the surrounding cancellous bone was created to impair bone ingrowth. All of(More)
The purposes of this study were to compare ingrowth of bone into three types of porous coating and to determine the effect of the type of porous coating and the degree of coverage of the stem on the remodeling of bone on the femoral side in cementless hip arthroplasty. A left total hip arthroplasty was performed in forty dogs. Thirty of the dogs had a(More)
Based on the premise that bone mass and bone geometry are related to load history and that subchondral bone may play a role in osteoarthritis (OA), we sought to determine if static and dynamic markers of knee joint loads explain variance in the medial-to-lateral ratio of proximal tibial bone mineral density (BMD) in subjects with mild and moderate medial(More)
Bone ingrowth and the distribution of wear debris within the porous coating of 13 primary cementless porous-coated tibial components removed for reasons unrelated to fixation or infection were quantitatively described. The average length of implantation was 15.3 months (range, 3-30 months). The implants were all of the same design, made for Ti6A14V with a(More)