Learn More
This study tested the validity of the prediction of dynamic knee loads based on gait measurements. The relationship between the predicted loads at the knee and the distribution of bone between the medial and lateral sides of the tibia was examined. The motion and external forces and moments at the knee were measured during gait and a statically determinate(More)
OBJECTIVE To verify the biologic links between progressive cellular and structural alterations within knee joint components and development of symptomatic chronic pain that are characteristic of osteoarthritis (OA), and to investigate the molecular basis of alterations in nociceptive pathways caused by OA-induced pain. METHODS An animal model of knee(More)
BACKGROUND High dynamic loads of the medial knee are associated with tibiofemoral osteoarthritis (OA) severity and progression. The lower extremity acts as an integrated kinetic unit, thus treatments targeting adjacent segments may promote reductions in the loading of a symptomatic knee. This study examined the biomechanical effects of a lower extremity(More)
Recently abstinent methamphetamine (Meth) abusers showed neurovascular dysregulation within the striatum. The factors that contribute to this dysregulation and the persistence of these effects are unclear. The current study addressed these knowledge gaps. First, we evaluated the brains of rats with a history of Meth self-administration following various(More)
An exogenous supply of growth factors and bioreplaceable scaffolds may help bone regeneration. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of TGF-β1 and VEGF-A transgenes on the osteogenic potential of bone marrow stromal cells. Rat bone marrow stromal cells were transfected with plasmids encoding mouse TGF-β1 and/or VEGF-A complementary DNAs and(More)
Joint moments are commonly used to characterize gait. Factors like height and weight influence these moments. This study determined which of two commonly used normalization methods, body mass or body weight times height, most reduced the effects of height and weight on peak hip, knee, and ankle external moments during walking. The effectiveness of each(More)
Enhanced understanding of differential gene expression and biological pathways associated with distinct phases of intramembranous bone regeneration following femoral marrow ablation surgery will improve future advancements regarding osseointegration of joint replacement implants, biomaterials design, and bone tissue engineering. A rat femoral marrow(More)
Our study was designed to examine the validity of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) measurements as predictors of whole bone breaking strength in beagle femora. DXA was used to determine the bone mineral content, bone area, and 'areal' bone mineral density. PQCT was used to determine the(More)
Various anabolic agents, including transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), have been shown to enhance intramembranous bone regeneration and strengthen the mechanical connection between implant and host skeleton, a prerequisite for clinical success with orthopedic and dental implants. Mechanisms underlying these observations at the level of the gene have(More)
OBJECTIVE Use of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) is becoming a common clinical approach to enhance bone repair. There is little or no information in the literature on the dose of rhBMP-2 required for effective healing of critical-sized defects such as those associated with trauma. In this study, we used a segmental defect model to(More)