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OBJECTIVE To examine prospectively the effects of ketoconazole on the pharmacokinetics and electrocardiographic repolarization pharmacodynamics (corrected QT intervals) of terfenadine in men and women. DESIGN Prospective cohort study with each subject serving as his or her own control. SETTING Outpatient cardiology clinic and inpatient telemetry unit(More)
The current BSC guidance issued by the FDA allows for biowaivers based on conservative criteria. Possible new criteria and class boundaries are proposed for additional biowaivers based on the underlying physiology of the gastrointestinal tract. The proposed changes in new class boundaries for solubility and permeability are as follows: 1. Narrow the(More)
Terfenadine is a nonsedating H1-antagonist that when overdosed, used with hepatic compromise, or when given with ketoconazole results in accumulation of parent terfenadine, prolongation of the QT interval, and torsades de pointes in susceptible patients. Nine subjects were given the recommended dose of terfenadine (60 mg every 12 hours) for 7 days before(More)
The Heidelberg capsule is an indigestible indicator of gastrointestinal pH, which was used to evaluate the relationship between gastric residence time (GRT) and variability in aspirin absorption from enteric-coated tablets. In a crossover study, eight healthy subjects (four men and four women) received an enteric-coated aspirin (648 mg) together with a(More)
Over the past decade, concerns have been expressed increasingly regarding the difficulty for highly variable drugs and drug products (%CV greater than 30) to meet the standard bioequivalence (BE) criteria using a reasonable number of study subjects. The topic has been discussed on numerous occasions at national and international meetings. Despite the lack(More)
It is widely believed that acceptable bioequivalence studies of drugs with high within-subject pharmacokinetic variability must enroll higher numbers of subjects than studies of drugs with lower variability. We studied the scope of this issue within US generic drug regulatory submissions. We collected data from all in vivo bioequivalence studies reviewed at(More)
The objective of this article is to discuss the similarities and differences among bioequivalence approaches used by international regulatory authorities when reviewing applications for marketing new generic drug products which are systemically active and intended for oral administration. We focused on the 13 jurisdictions and organizations participating in(More)
The objective of this article is to discuss the similarities and differences in accepted bioequivalence (BE) approaches for generic topical dermatological drug products between international regulatory authorities and organizations. These drug products are locally applied and not intended for systemic absorption. Therefore, the BE approaches which serve as(More)
To compare the antihypertensive and humoral effects of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors captopril and enalapril, 20 patients with essential hypertension, not receiving treatment for 2 weeks and consuming a prescribed sodium ion intake, were randomly assigned to two parallel, double-blind treatment groups with stratification based on race and(More)
BACKGROUND In the US, manufacturers seeking approval to market a generic drug product must submit data demonstrating that the generic formulation provides the same rate and extent of absorption as (ie, is bioequivalent to) the innovator drug product. Thus, most orally administered generic drug products in the US are approved based on results of one or more(More)