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BACKGROUND Eukaryotic cells localize selected mRNAs to a region of the cell as a means to sequester proteins. Signals within the 3' untranslated region (3' UTR) facilitate mRNA localization by both actin and microtubule cytoskeletal systems. Recently, an mRNA in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, ASH1, was shown to coalesce into a discrete particle that is(More)
The human CYP3A P450 family, composed of at least four highly homologous genes, is expressed prominently in the liver. To investigate the expression of CYP3A family members individually, we prepared oligonucleotides specific for each CYP3A mRNA and used Northern blot analysis and/or polymerase chain reaction to examine RNA from adult and fetal liver for(More)
Novel green fluorescent protein (GFP) labeling techniques targeting specific mRNA transcripts reveal discrete phases of mRNA localization in yeast: packaging, transport, and docking. In budding yeast, ASH1 mRNA is translocated via actin and myosin to the tip of growing cells. A GFP-decorated reporter transcript containing the ASH1 3' untranslated region(More)
BACKGROUND Two genetic 'pathways' contribute to the fidelity of nuclear segregation during the process of budding in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. An early pathway, involving Kar9p and other proteins, orients the mitotic spindle along the mother-bud axis. Upon the onset of anaphase, cytoplasmic dynein provides the motive force for nuclear movement(More)
gamma-Tubulin is essential for microtubule nucleation in yeast and other organisms; whether this protein is regulated in vivo has not been explored. We show that the budding yeast gamma-tubulin (Tub4p) is phosphorylated in vivo. Hyperphosphorylated Tub4p isoforms are restricted to G1. A conserved tyrosine near the carboxy terminus (Tyr445) is required for(More)
sis, has simple microtubule arrays with discrete functions during the cell cycle yeast MTOC, the spindle pole body (SPB), are conserved with other eukaryotes (Murphy et al., 1998; Tassin et al., Summary Many temperature-sensitive tub4 mutants fail to form microtubules (Marschall et al., 1996), suggesting that ␥-Tubulin is essential for microtubule(More)
Techniques to label mRNA with green fluorescent protein (GFP) have provided the first real-time images of RNA motility in live yeast cells. Genetic screens for factors responsible for mRNA asymmetry (e. g. SHE genes) in yeast identified type V myosin among other proteins. Analysis of mRNA movement in various she mutants revealed the role of motor proteins(More)
Many elegant methodologies have been devised to explore RNA-protein as well as RNA-RNA interactions. Although the characterization of messages targeted by a specific RNA-binding protein (RBP) has been accelerated by the application of microarray technologies, reliable methods to describe the endogenous assembly of ribonucleoproteins (RNPs) are needed.(More)
Novel green fluorescent protein (GFP) labeling techniques targeting specific mRNA transcripts reveal discrete phases of mRNA localization in yeast: packaging, transport, and docking. In budding yeast, ASH1 mRNA is translocated via actin and myosin to the tip of growing cells. A GFP-decorated reporter transcript containing the ASH1 3Ј untranslated region(More)
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