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The effects of forest management on soil carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) are important to understand not only because these are often master variables determining soil fertility but also because of the role of soils as a source or sink for C on a global scale. This paper reviews the literature on forest management effects on soil C and N and reports the results(More)
A central question concerning the response of terrestrial ecosystems to a changing atmosphere is whether increased uptake of carbon in response to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration results in greater plant biomass and carbon storage or, alternatively, faster cycling of C through the ecosystem. Net primary productivity (NPP) of a(More)
Rising atmospheric CO 2 and temperatures are probably altering ecosystem carbon cycling, causing both positive and negative feedbacks to climate. Below-ground processes play a key role in the global carbon (C) cycle because they regulate storage of large quantities of C, and are potentially very sensitive to direct and indirect effects of elevated CO 2 and(More)
Field studies have shown that elevated CO2 can cause increased forest growth over the short term (<6 years) even in the face of N limitation. This is facilitated to some degree by greater biomass production per unit N uptake (lower tissue N concentrations), but more often than not, N uptake is increased with elevated CO2 as well. Some studies also show that(More)
Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (C a), a product of fossil fuel burning, land-use change, and cement manufacture, is expected to cause a large carbon sink in land ecosystems , partly mitigating human-driven climate change (1). Increasing biological nitrogen fixation with rising C a has been invoked as a means to provide the N necessary to support C(More)
or a suppressive influence on SOM decomposition (Van Veen et al., 1991; Cheng, 1999). As a measure of main Plant species and soil fertility presumably control rhizosphere efenergy use for the acquisition of belowground resources fects on soil organic matter (SOM) decomposition, but qualitative (e.g., nutrients and water), rhizosphere respiration may and(More)
This paper summarizes the data on nutrient uptake and soil responses in opentop chambers planted with ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Laws.) treated with both N and CO2. Based upon the literature, we hypothesized that 1) elevated CO2 would cause increased growth and yield of biomass per unit uptake of N even if N is limiting, and 2) elevated CO2 would cause(More)
The effects of exogenous long chain fatty acids (LCFA) and very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA) on superoxide production by human neutrophils were compared. Superoxide production was greater and more rapid in response to arachidonic (20:4 (n-6)), eicosapentanoic (20:5 (n-3)), and docosahexanoic (22:6 (n-3)) acids than for triacontatetranoic (30:4 (n-6)),(More)
The development of a reliable method of using PCR for detection of Cryptosporidium oocysts in environmental samples with oligonucleotide primers which amplify a portion of the sequence encoding the small (18S) subunit of rRNA producing a 435-bp product was demonstrated. The PCR assay was found to provide highly genus-specific detection of Cryptosporidium(More)
The perennial forage alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) may be affected by salinity at all stages of development. Selection for increased seed germination or seedling growth in saline environments has not resulted in improved forage yield under salt stress. The purpose of this study was to determine genetic and phenotypic relationships between plant performance(More)