Dale Henning

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Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by an abnormality of craniofacial development that arises during early embryogenesis. TCS is caused by mutations in the gene TCOF1, which encodes the nucleolar phosphoprotein treacle. Even though the genetic alterations causing TCS have been uncovered, the mechanism underlying(More)
The yeast KEX1 gene product has homology to yeast carboxypeptidase Y. A mutant replacing serine at the putative active site of the KEX1 protein abolished activity in vivo. A probable site of processing by the KEX1 product is the C-terminus of the alpha-subunit of killer toxin, where toxin is followed in the precursor by 2 basic residues. Processing involves(More)
Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) is characterized by defects in craniofacial development, which results from mutations in the TCOF1 gene. TCOF1 encodes the nucleolar phosphoprotein treacle, which interacts with upstream binding factor (UBF) and affects transcription of the ribosomal DNA gene. The present study shows participation of treacle in the(More)
An improved baculovirus expression vector was developed to expedite screening and facilitate oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis. This vector contained twin promoters derived from the P10 and polyhedrin genes of Autographica californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus. The P10 promoter directed the synthesis of beta-galactosidase, whereas the polyhedrin(More)
RNA helicase II/Gu (RH-II/Gu) is a nucleolar DEAD-box protein that unwinds double-stranded RNA and introduces secondary structure to a single-stranded RNA. We recently identified its paralogue, RH-II/Gu(beta), in contrast to the original RH-II/Gu(alpha). Their similar intron-exon structures on chromosome 10 suggest gene duplication. To determine functional(More)
The intricate production of ribosomal RNA is well defined in yeast, but its complexity in higher organisms is barely understood. We recently showed that down-regulation of nucleolar protein RNA helicase II/Gualpha (RH-II/Gualpha or DDX21) in Xenopus oocytes inhibited processing of 20 S rRNA to 18 S and contributed to degradation of 28 S rRNA (Yang, H.,(More)
Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) is characterized by an abnormality in craniofacial development during early embryogenesis. TCS is caused by mutations in the gene TCOF1, which encodes the nucleolar phosphoprotein treacle. Genetic and proteomic characterizations of TCS/treacle are based on the previously reported 26 exons of TCOF1. Here, we report the(More)
RNA helicase II/Gu(alpha) is a multifunctional nucleolar protein involved in ribosomal RNA processing in Xenopus laevis oocytes and mammalian cells. Downregulation of Gu(alpha) using small interfering RNA (siRNA) in HeLa cells resulted in 80% inhibition of both 18S and 28S rRNA production. The mechanisms underlying this effect remain unclear. Here we show(More)
The ferrichrome-iron receptor of Escherichia coli K-12 encoded by the fhuA gene is a multifunctional outer membrane receptor with an Mr of 78,000. It is required for the binding and uptake of ferrichrome and is the receptor for bacteriophages T5, T1, phi 80, and UC-1 as well as for colicin M. The fhuA gene was cloned into pBR322, and the recombinant plasmid(More)
Genetic manipulations have revealed the functions of RNA helicases in ribosomal RNA (rRNA) biogenesis in yeast. However, no report shows the role of an RNA helicase in rRNA formation in higher eukaryotes. This study reports the functional characterization of the frog homologue of nucleolar RNA helicase II/Gu (xGu or DDX21). Down-regulation of xGu in Xenopus(More)