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A human gene encoding an interferon-induced 15-kDa protein has been isolated from a genomic library. The gene appears to be single-copy and is composed of two exons, the first of which contains the ATG translation initiation codon. In vitro nuclear run-on assays showed that the transcription rate of the gene is stimulated after interferon treatment. To(More)
A cDNA clone encoding a polypeptide resembling proteolytic serine esterases (from cytotoxic T-cells; SECT) was isolated from human peripheral blood lymphocytes which had been cultured in the presence of the T-cell mitogen phytohemagglutinin for 72 h. The cDNA encodes a polypeptide of 247 amino acids which show homology of 99% with the protein sequence(More)
We have isolated a cDNA clone for an interferon-induced 15-kDa protein. The cDNA clone was prepared from mRNA isolated from interferon-beta-treated human Daudi cells. The clone of 635 base pairs contains an open reading frame coding for a protein of 145 amino acids, and suggests for the mRNA a 75-base pair 5' untranslated and a 125-base pair 3' untranslated(More)
c-myc gene mRNA is reduced by greater than 75% in the human lymphoblastoid cell line Daudi when growth is inhibited by treatment with human interferon beta (IFN-beta). In the present communication, we describe the effect of IFN-beta treatment on transcription of the c-myc gene and on the steady-state level of c-myc mRNA in the cytoplasm of Daudi cells. The(More)
The translational activity of cytoplasmic poly(A)+ RNA from resting human lymphocytes was approximately 20% of that from phytohemagglutinin-transformed lymphocytes in a rabbit reticulocyte lysate assay. Translation assays in the presence of cap analogues suggested that the m RNA from resting cells was relatively deficient in functional 5′-terminal cap(More)
An interferon-induced 15-kDa protein is synthesized from a precursor of higher molecular weight; the precursor contains 165 amino acids (17 kDa), whereas the stable product (15 kDa) contains 156 amino acids. The stable 15-kDa form is derived from the precursor 17-kDa form by the removal of eight amino acids from the COOH terminus and the methionine from the(More)
A partially purified enzyme extract from lectin-transformed human peripheral blood lymphocytes synthesized purine nucleotides de nouo. Although the relatively lower specific activity of the pathway compared with that in the avian liver preparation previously described (Rowe, P. B., McCairns, E., Madsen, G., Sauer, D., and Elliott, H. (1978) J. Biol. Chem.(More)
A partially purified enzyme extract from lectin-transformed human peripheral blood lymphocytes synthesized purine nucleotides de novo. Although the relatively lower specific activity of the pathway compared with that in the avian liver preparation previously described (Rowe, P. B., McCairns, E., Madsen, G., Sauer, D., and Elliott, H. (1978) J. Biol. Chem.(More)
We have identified and partially purified a growth inhibitor protein secreted by human diploid fibroblast cells. This protein is not secreted constitutively but only after induction with the double stranded hetero duplex polyriboinosinic:polyribocytidylic acid. The growth inhibitory activity has been purified 3,800-fold and has an estimated molecular mass(More)
Serine is an essential amino acid for the lectin-mediated transformation of human peripheral blood lymphocytes due to the inability of this cell to synthesize sufficient quantities via either the phosphorylated pathway or by reversal of the serine hydroxymethyltransferase reaction to meet the metabolic demands. The level of intracellular serine is tightly(More)