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A human gene encoding an interferon-induced 15-kDa protein has been isolated from a genomic library. The gene appears to be single-copy and is composed of two exons, the first of which contains the ATG translation initiation codon. In vitro nuclear run-on assays showed that the transcription rate of the gene is stimulated after interferon treatment. To(More)
We have isolated a cDNA clone for an interferon-induced 15-kDa protein. The cDNA clone was prepared from mRNA isolated from interferon-beta-treated human Daudi cells. The clone of 635 base pairs contains an open reading frame coding for a protein of 145 amino acids, and suggests for the mRNA a 75-base pair 5' untranslated and a 125-base pair 3' untranslated(More)
A cDNA clone encoding a polypeptide resembling proteolytic serine esterases (from cytotoxic T-cells; SECT) was isolated from human peripheral blood lymphocytes which had been cultured in the presence of the T-cell mitogen phytohemagglutinin for 72 h. The cDNA encodes a polypeptide of 247 amino acids which show homology of 99% with the protein sequence(More)
c-myc gene mRNA is reduced by greater than 75% in the human lymphoblastoid cell line Daudi when growth is inhibited by treatment with human interferon beta (IFN-beta). In the present communication, we describe the effect of IFN-beta treatment on transcription of the c-myc gene and on the steady-state level of c-myc mRNA in the cytoplasm of Daudi cells. The(More)
Serine is an essential amino acid for the lectin-mediated transformation of human peripheral blood lymphocytes due to the inability of this cell to synthesize sufficient quantities via either the phosphorylated pathway or by reversal of the serine hydroxymethyltransferase reaction to meet the metabolic demands. The level of intracellular serine is tightly(More)
The expression of beta-actin, gamma-actin, alpha-tubulin, and beta-tubulin mRNA during the lectin activation of human peripheral blood lymphocytes was examined with specific cDNA clones. The resting lymphocyte has a low level of both alpha- and beta-tubulin mRNAs, and these increase 10-fold after 72 h of lectin stimulation in which maximum cell(More)
Human fibroblast interferon has been purified 2,900-fold to homogeneity. The purification is achieved in two steps by chromatography on blue Sepharose. The specific activity of the homogeneous interferon is 5 X 10(8) units/mg and the yield of biological activity has ranged from 20-40%. The interferon can exist as a monomer (Mr = 20,000) and as a dimer (Mr -(More)
An interferon-induced 15-kDa protein is synthesized from a precursor of higher molecular weight; the precursor contains 165 amino acids (17 kDa), whereas the stable product (15 kDa) contains 156 amino acids. The stable 15-kDa form is derived from the precursor 17-kDa form by the removal of eight amino acids from the COOH terminus and the methionine from the(More)
Interferons (IFNs)-alpha and -beta but not -gamma enhance the synthesis of a protein in the membranes of Daudi cells. This protein has an estimated molecular weight of 20,000 (20 kD). Furthermore, the 20-kD protein is enhanced only in the membranes of cells whose growth can be inhibited by IFN-beta (Daudi, WISH, HL-60, diploid fibroblasts) but not in the(More)