Dale E. Fowler

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Yang et al. have isolated from bovine brain an octapeptide, FLFQPQRF-NH2 (F-8-F-NH2), with certain antiopiate properties. Malin et al. previously found that ICV injection of this peptide could precipitate an opiate abstinence syndrome in dependent rats. RIA revealed significantly higher levels of F-8-F-NH2 immunoreactivity in CSF withdrawn from the cisterna(More)
Yang et al. (14) have isolated from mammalian brain an octapeptide FLFQPQRF-NH2 (F-8-F-NH2) with certain antiopiate properties. Third ventricular injection of 2 micrograms of this peptide together with the aminopeptidase inhibitor bestatin precipitated an opiate-withdrawal syndrome in morphine-dependent but not in nondependent rats. Third ventricular(More)
OBJECTIVE Insulin recruits muscle microvasculature, thereby increasing endothelial exchange surface area. Free fatty acids (FFAs) cause insulin resistance by activating inhibitor of κB kinase β. Elevating plasma FFAs impairs insulin's microvascular and metabolic actions in vivo. Whether salsalate, an anti-inflammatory agent, prevents FFA-induced(More)
AIM The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of exercise without vibration and exercise with vibration (27 Hz) on the cortical silent period (CSP) and cortical motor threshold (CMT) measured using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). METHODS In 22 university athletes, a circular coil attached to a TMS stimulator was applied over the(More)
In previous studies, 18-month-old rats have shown no significant retention 24 hours after the single acquisition trial in a one-trial discriminative reward learning task. In the present study, ten 18-month-old rats pretreated with 0.5 mg/kg MSF IP showed significantly better retention in terms of speed and errors than eleven 18-month-old rats pretreated(More)
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