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The purpose of the present study was to assess the degree of protection of inhaled salmeterol against exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) after chronic compared with single dosing in patients with asthma. Twelve patients with exercise-induced asthma took part in a randomized double-blind crossover study to compare the duration of action of inhaled(More)
One of the more unusual respiratory manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus is "shrinking lungs." We report a patient with this syndrome and provide evidence for this being due to diaphragm dysfunction. Significant improvement occurred after albuterol therapy, providing new possibilities in the treatment of this syndrome. This is the first report in(More)
Tremor (Tr), chronotropic (HR) and metabolic (K, Glu) responses to cumulative doses of inhaled salbutamol (100 micrograms to 4000 micrograms) were compared in an age and sex matched group of 7 normal (N) and asthmatic (A) subjects. Comparison of regression lines between groups showed differences in HR and K. This was also reflected in attenuation of maximum(More)
1. Studies in vitro have recently shown that both atrial natriuretic peptide and brain natriuretic peptide have pulmonary vasorelaxant activity. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate for the first time whether plasma levels of brain natriuretic peptide are elevated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Plasma levels of brain natriuretic(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of single and chronic dosing with salmeterol on exercise capacity and lung function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. METHODS Twenty nine patients of mean (SE) age 64 (1.5) years, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) 42(3)% of predicted, and 5-15% reversibility to(More)
BACKGROUND It is possible that many deaths from pneumonia may involve the generation of inflammatory mediators and tissue damage by activated phagocytes. To test this hypothesis phagocyte function, plasma levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha), and soluble interleukin 2 receptor (IL-2R), disease severity, and outcome have(More)
In patients with asthma, exercise-induced symptoms are well recognized and frequently limiting. Currently available beta 2-receptor agonists have a short duration of action and breakthrough symptoms may occur. We studied the efficacy of the recently developed long acting inhaled beta 2-agonist salmeterol with respect to protection against exercise-induced(More)
One hundred and seventy patients with interstitial lung diseases undergoing bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), were contrasted with 51 patients undergoing fibreoptic bronchoscopy alone to define the factors which predispose to post-lavage side-effects. Transient post-bronchoscopy fall in the peak expired flow (PEF) greater than or equal to 20% occurred in both(More)