Dale D. Isaak

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Highly conserved enkephalin containing peptides (ECPs) are selectively processed from proenkephalin, which is synthesized in both the neuroendocrine and immune systems. The reported regulatory effects within the central nervous system and the biologic release patterns from both activated lymphocytes and stimulated adrenal chromaffin cells suggest the ECPs(More)
Current vaccines used for the prevention of brucellosis are ineffective in inducing protective immunity in animals that are chronically infected with Brucella abortus, such as elk. Using a gene discovery approach, in vivo-induced antigen technology (IVIAT) on B. abortus, we previously identified ten loci that encode products up-regulated during infection in(More)
OBJECTIVES The underlying premise of these investigations was that the lipophilic hormone progesterone, which partitions into and (at relatively high concentrations) impedes the fluid mechanics of the plasmalemma, would perturb integral associations between membrane lipids and exporter pumps that otherwise confer drug resistance. That progesterone can(More)
The role of the thymus in the cyclical appearance of the dominant idiotype of the myeloma protein secreted by the TEPC-15 plasmacytoma (T-15)-bearing plaque-forming cells (PFC) and anti-idiotypic cells (i.e., cells with receptors for T-15) in the spleen during a primary response to the phosphorylcholine determinant of Streptococcus pneumoniae, strain R36a(More)
The development of lymphoid cells reactive to tapeworm-associated antigens during the course of Hymenolepis diminuta rejection from mice was studied using an in vitro tapeworm extract (TWE)-induced cell proliferation culture system. Mice infected with three cysticercoids on day 0 developed three adult worms by day 7 but worms were rejected by day 21(More)
Pregnant and progesterone-treated, ovariectomized ewes accumulate secretory products in the uterus that are immunosuppressive in mitogen-stimulated and mixed lymphocyte sheep cell cultures. In this study, uterine secretions from pregnant (Preg-UTM) and progesterone-treated, ovariectomized (P-UTM) ewes were equally effective in suppressing 3H-Tdr(More)
The susceptibility of T and B lymphocytes to productive infection and transformation by murine leukemia virus Moloney was determined by enumeration of cells producing infectious virus after in vitro infection of mitogen-stimulated, isolated cell populations and by in vivo infection of euthymic BALB/c and thymus-deficient (nude) mice. Our in vitro results(More)
The kinetics of infection with Hymenolepis nana was examined in normal thymus-deficient mice. Following inoculation with 5 cyticercoids, the number of adult lumen-dwelling H. nana in congenitally thymus-deficient (nude) mice ultimately was at least 75 times the maximum infection intensity of normal thymus-bearing mice or thymus-reconstituted nude mice.(More)
Stimulation with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of splenic B-lymphocytes infected in vitro with Friend virus complex increased the number of cells with replicating murine leukemia virus (MuLV) [i.e., infectious centers (IC)] up to 100-fold. Concanavalin A (Con A) did not have such an effect. However, the addition of Con A to the LPS-stimulated cultures(More)