Dale C. Lien

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BACKGROUND The prognosis of patients with severe pulmonary hypertension (PHT) is poor. To determine prognosis and guide therapy, an acute hemodynamic trial of selective pulmonary vasodilators, usually inhaled nitric oxide (iNO), was performed. We hypothesized that oral sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor, is a safe and effective alternative to iNO.(More)
The introduction of generic immunosuppressant medications may present an opportunity for cost savings in solid organ transplantation if equivalent clinical outcomes to the branded counterparts can be achieved. An interprofessional working group of the Canadian Society of Transplantation was established to develop recommendations on the use of generic(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular comorbidities have a negative impact on the health status and prognosis of patients with COPD. We determined whether nocturnal noninvasive (positive) mechanical ventilation (NIMV) can improve heart rate variability (HRV), decrease circulating natriuretic peptide levels, and improve functional performance of patients with very(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is common after lung transplantation. We performed a prospective trial of valganciclovir prophylaxis in lung recipients with outcomes compared to matched historical controls. The valganciclovir group (n = 40) (including D+/R- and R+ patients) was prospectively enrolled, and received oral valganciclovir 900 mg once daily for(More)
Although the lung is known to be a major site of neutrophil margination, the anatomic location of these sequestered cells within the lung is controversial. To determine the site of margination and the kinetics of neutrophil transit through the pulmonary microvasculature, we infused fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled canine neutrophils into the pulmonary(More)
The site of neutrophil interaction with the vasculature during acute lung inflammation is controversial, but has been suggested to occur in the alveolar capillaries, in contrast with its location in postcapillary venules in nonpulmonary tissues. We studied the kinetics of neutrophil accumulation and the site of neutrophil-vascular interaction in the lung by(More)
BACKGROUND Universal antifungal prophylaxis with azoles is commonly used after lung transplantation. We noted an increase in isolates of Aspergillus calidoustus in our transplant population and hypothesized that increasing azole use (universal prophylaxis since 2008) may be promoting this infection. METHODS Clinical and microbiologic data for A.(More)
Four adults, including a pregnant woman, and three children were admitted to hospital following accidental exposure to mercury vapour produced by heating mercury-gold amalgam. Initial symptoms and signs included a paroxysmal cough, dyspnea, chest pain, tachypnea, nausea, vomiting, fever and leukocytosis. Pulmonary function testing performed on the second(More)
Since neutrophils may be important in endotoxin-induced acute lung injury, we sought to determine whether injury produced by endotoxin in vivo would be modified by pentoxifylline, which decreases neutrophil adherence and lessens neutrophil activation in vitro. Anesthetized dogs received 4 micrograms/kg Salmonella enteriditis endotoxin intravenously after(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary embolism is a common condition. Some patients subsequently develop chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Many care gaps exist in the diagnosis and management of CTEPH patients including lack of awareness, incomplete diagnostic assessment, and inconsistent use of surgical and medical therapies. METHODS A representative(More)