Dale Buchanan Hales

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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in a variety of pathophysiological conditions of the testis, and oxidative stress is known to inhibit ovarian and testicular steroidogenesis. The site of ROS-mediated inhibition of steroidogenesis in the corpus luteum and MA-10 tumor Leydig cells was shown to be the hormone-sensitive mitochondrial cholesterol(More)
Macrophage-secreted cytokines, such as interleukin-1 (IL-1), have been shown to modulate Leydig cell function. The present study examined the effect of recombinant murine IL-1 alpha on Leydig cell steroidogenesis and its mechanism of action. Addition of IL-1 to macrophage-depleted primary cultures of mouse Leydig cells caused a dose-dependent decrease in(More)
The high mortality rate due to ovarian cancer (OVCA) is attributed to the lack of an effective early detection method. Because of the nonspecificity of symptoms at early stage, most of the OVCA cases are detected at late stages. This makes the access to women with early-stage disease problematic and presents a barrier to development and validation of tests(More)
Inflammatory disease has been established to affect male reproductive function and fertility. Relevant inflammatory diseases include general and chronic infectious diseases as well as localized acute or chronic infections of the male genitourinary tract. Male accessory gland infections account for almost 15% of all cases of male infertility seen in(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer (OvCa) is associated with high mortality and, as the majority (>75%) of women with OvCa have metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis, rates of survival have not changed appreciably over 30 years. A mechanistic understanding of OvCa initiation and progression is hindered by the complexity of genetic and/or environmental(More)
This review will highlight recent advances in the study of the immuno-endocrinology of the testis, in particular how macrophage-derived inflammatory mediators affect Leydig cell functions. Both the beneficial and deleterious outcomes resulting from macrophage-Leydig cell interactions are discussed. A brief overview of testicular physiology is provided that(More)
The central nervous system synthesizes steroids which regulate the development and function of neurons and glia and have neuroprotective properties. The first step in this process involves the delivery of free cholesterol to the inner mitochondrial membrane where it can be converted into pregnenolone. This delivery is mediated by steroidogenic acute(More)
Male accessory sex gland infections are considered to be hazards to male fertility. Various pathophysiologic concepts have evolved from experimental and clinical studies that begin to explain the effects of bacteria and immunologic events on spermatozoa. Recent studies have identified and evaluated mediators that are responsible for specific molecular(More)
The steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) is a vital mitochondrial protein that is indispensable for the synthesis of steroid hormones in the steroidogenic cells of the adrenal cortex and the gonads. Recent studies have shown that StAR enhances the conversion of the substrate for all steroid hormones, cholesterol, into pregnenolone, probably by(More)
The regulation of cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme (P450scc) by glucocorticoids was investigated in mouse Leydig cell cultures. We recently demonstrated that P450scc is constitutively synthesized in Leydig cells and that the rate of P450scc synthesis is increased by chronic treatment of the cultures with 8-bromo-cAMP. We now report that(More)