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In the present study we have developed a simple, time, and cost effective in vivo rodent protocol to screen the susceptibility of a test compound for P-glycoprotein (P-gp) mediated efflux at the blood brain barrier (BBB) during early drug discovery. We used known P-gp substrates as test compounds (quinidine, digoxin, and talinolol) and elacridar (GF120918)(More)
We describe a case of fever of unknown origin (FUO) of 9 months' duration in which the finding of regularly spaced multiple Beau's lines (the "ladder nail" sign) pointed to the possibility of a relapsing fever of the Pel-Ebstein variety and an underlying lymphoma. Subsequent investigation confirmed the association of the Beau's lines and fever, as well as(More)
The formulation of a drug/carrier complex that can be distributed and retained for extended periods within the oral cavity would be advantageous in the treatment of local conditions. In this study, an in vitro system was developed to investigate the binding of bioadhesive macromolecules to buccal epithelial cells, without having to alter their(More)
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was used to examine the buccal cell surface in order to image the presence of adsorbed bioadhesive polymers identified from previous work. Isotonic saline solution (5 ml) containing either polycarbophil (pH 7.6), chitosan (pH 4.5) or hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (pH 7.6) (0.5% w/v) was exposed to freshly collected buccal cells(More)
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