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Glucocorticoids impair insulin sensitivity. Because insulin resistance is closely linked to increased incidence of cardiovascular diseases and given that metabolic abnormalities have been linked to initiation of heart failure, we examined the acute effects of dexamethasone (DEX) on rat cardiac metabolism. Although injection of DEX for 4 h was not associated(More)
Oxidative stress due to excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) and depleted antioxidants such as glutathione (GSH) can give rise to apoptotic cell death in acutely diabetic hearts and lead to heart disease. At present, the source of these cardiac ROS or the subcellular site of cardiac GSH loss [i.e., cytosolic (cGSH) or mitochondrial (mGSH) GSH] has not(More)
Insulin resistance is viewed as an insufficiency in insulin action, with glucocorticoids being recognized to play a key role in its pathogenesis. With insulin resistance, metabolism in multiple organ systems such as skeletal muscle, liver, and adipose tissue is altered. These metabolic alterations are widely believed to be important factors in the morbidity(More)
The "fuel gauge" AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) facilitates ATP production to meet energy demands during metabolic stress. Given the importance of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in providing hearts with fatty acids (FA), the preferred substrate consumed by the heart, the objective of the present study was to investigate whether activation of AMPK influences(More)
Flexibility in substrate selection is essential for the heart to maintain production of energy and contractile function, and is managed through multiple mechanisms including PPAR-alpha and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Rats injected with 55 mg/kg STZ (D55) were kept for 4 days (acute diabetes; D55-A) prior to termination. Fatty acid (FA) oxidation(More)
Increased awareness of obesity has led to a dietary shift toward "heart-friendly" vegetable oils containing omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (omega-6 PUFA). In addition to its beneficial effects, omega-6 PUFA also exhibits proinflammatory and prooxidative properties. We hypothesized that chronic dietary omega-6 PUFA can induce free radical generation,(More)
Wnt signaling is important in various neuropsychiatric diseases. However, its actions on modulating schizophrenia are largely unknown. Our previous study found that three SNPs in adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), a negative regulator of the Wnt signaling, were associated with schizophrenia, and the mRNA levels of APC in blood leucocytes of patients with(More)
The lipoprotein lipase (LPL)-augmenting property of lysophosphatidylcholine requires the formation of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) (J Mol Cell Cardiol 37: 931-938, 2004). Given that the actin cytoskeleton has been implicated in regulating cardiomyocyte LPL, we examined whether LPL secretion after LPA involves actin cytoskeleton reassembly. Incubation of(More)
Although tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) has been recognized to be involved in the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder (MDD) for a long time, only few studies so far investigated the effects of antidepressant, venlafaxine on TNF-α and the results are inconsistent. Moreover, the association between plasma TNF-α levels and suicide accompanied with(More)
Toll-like receptor (TLR)4 regulates inflammation and metabolism and has been linked to the pathogenesis of heart disease. TLR4 is upregulated in diabetic cardiomyocytes, and we examined the role of TLR4 in modulating cardiac fatty acid (FA) metabolism and the pathogenesis of diabetic heart disease in nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice. Both wild-type (WT) NOD and(More)