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BACKGROUND In Japan, endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is accepted as a treatment option for cases of early gastric cancer (EGC) where the probability of lymph node metastasis is low. The results of EMR for EGC at the National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, over a 11 year period are presented. METHODS EMR was applied to patients with early cancers up to(More)
BACKGROUND Laterally spreading tumours (LSTs) in the colorectum are usually removed by endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) even when large in size. LSTs with deeper submucosal (sm) invasion, however, should not be treated by EMR because of the higher risk of lymph node metastasis. AIMS To determine which endoscopic criteria, including high magnification(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been reported to be associated with a higher complication rate than standard endoscopic mucosal resection. We aimed to clarify the risk factors for delayed bleeding after ESD for early gastric cancer (EGC). METHODS 1083 EGCs in 968 consecutive patients undergoing ESD during a 4-year(More)
The reported outcomes of endoscopic resection (ER) for early gastric cancer (EGC) remain limited to several single-institution studies. A multicenter retrospective study was conducted at 11 Japanese institutions concerning their results for ER, including conventional endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). A total of(More)
Gastric cancer is classified into intestinal and diffuse types, the latter including a highly malignant form, linitis plastica. A two-stage genome-wide association study (stage 1: 85,576 SNPs on 188 cases and 752 references; stage 2: 2,753 SNPs on 749 cases and 750 controls) in Japan identified a significant association between an intronic SNP (rs2976392)(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is accepted as a minimally invasive treatment for early gastric cancer, although it is not widely used in the colorectum because of technical difficulty. OBJECTIVE To examine the current status of colorectal ESDs at specialized endoscopic treatment centers. DESIGN AND SETTING Multicenter cohort study(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic resection (ER) is indicated for patients with early gastric cancer who have a negligible risk of lymph node metastasis (LNM). Histological examination of the resected specimen may indicate a possible risk of LNM or a positive resection margin. These patients are considered to have undergone non-curative ER. The aim of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Laterally spreading tumors (LST) of the colon are best removed by endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) as they extend laterally rather than vertically. Since they sometimes invade deeply into the submucosal layer, it is important to assess the depth of invasion endoscopically before treatment. In the present study, we examined the(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is accepted as a minimally invasive treatment for early gastric cancer; however, it is not widely used in the colorectum because of its technical difficulty. OBJECTIVE To determine the feasibility of using ESD for treating large superficial colorectal tumors and to evaluate the clinical outcome. DESIGN(More)