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Hypocretin (Hcrt) is a neuropeptide synthesized in the lateral hypothalamus (LHT) that plays a key role in maintaining arousal state. In Parkinson's disease (PD), a narcolepsy-like syndrome is commonly seen, and a previous study showed substantial Hcrt neuronal loss in accordance with PD severity. In the present study, we quantitatively examined Hcrt(More)
PURPOSE Evidence for the prodromal stage of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is very limited. To address this issue, we investigate the (123)I-FP-CIT SPECT measure of dopamine transporter binding finding and its clinical relevance. METHODS We enrolled subjects into a prodromal DLB group (PRD-DLB) (n = 20) and clinical DLB group (CLIN-DLB) (n = 18) and(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated cognitive dysfunction in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) who present hemispheric asymmetries of cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (CMRglc) decrease on (18) F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography. METHODS Based on the hemispheric asymmetries of CMRglc decrease in the(More)
AIM To determine characteristics of MCI that can predict whether patients will go on to develop AD or DLB. METHODS Ninety-three patients diagnosed with MCI underwent neuropsychological and neuroimaging examinations, and were followed-up for a mean of 44.9±19.3months. They were divided into four MCI subtypes (amnestic/non-amnestic MCI, single/multiple(More)
The present study is a follow-up study of 11 non-demented patients with probable rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) at our memory clinic. During the follow-up period (mean±SD of 46.7±6.4 months), all 11 patients exhibited cognitive decline: four (Group A) exhibited core clinical features of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), along with(More)
We examined the utility of illusory contours (ICs) for the differentiation of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) from Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thirty-five probable DLB patients, 35 probable AD patients controlled by age, years of education, and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score, and 30 cognitively normal subjects controlled by age and years of(More)
The patient was a 72-year-old Japanese woman. At the age of 57, she started having difficulty performing daily work and developed agraphia. She also exhibited restlessness and loss of interest, and began to speak less. Thereafter, stereotypical behavior, gait disturbance and dysphagia were noted. CT scan demonstrated left-dominant frontal and temporal lobe(More)
We report here an autopsy case of concurrent Huntington's disease (HD) and neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), also known as von Recklinghausen's disease. The patient was a Japanese woman with a significant hereditary burden: seven of her family members within four generations were affected by either NF1 or concurrent HD and NF1. She was diagnosed as having NF1(More)
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