Learn More
CpG islands are useful markers for genes in organisms containing 5-methylcytosine in their genomes. In addition, CpG islands located in the promoter regions of genes can play important roles in gene silencing during processes such as X-chromosome inactivation, imprinting, and silencing of intragenomic parasites. The generally accepted definition of what(More)
Clusters of CpG dinucleotides in GC rich regions of the genome called "CpG islands" frequently occur in the 5' ends of genes. Methylation of CpG islands plays a role in transcriptional silencing in higher organisms in certain situations. We have established a CpG-island-extraction algorithm, which we previously developed [Takai and Jones, 2002], on a web(More)
The methylation status of binding sites of the insulator protein, CTCF, in the H19 promoter has been suggested as being critical to the regulation of imprinting of the H19/IGF2 locus located in chromosome 11p15. In this study, we have analyzed the methylation of all of seven potential CTCF-binding sites in the human H19 promoter since the methylation status(More)
Small interference RNA (siRNA) is an emerging methodology in reverse genetics. Here we report the development of a new tetracycline-inducible vector-based siRNA system, which uses a tetracycline-responsive derivative of the U6 promoter and the tetracycline repressor for conditional in vivo transcription of short hairpin RNA. This method prevents potential(More)
BACKGROUND Cytosine methylation of LINE1 (L1) elements, some of which are capable of retrotransposition in human cells, is known to play important roles in transcriptional repression of these retrotransposons. We have previously identified consistent hypomethylation of L1 elements in mouse liver tumors by a genome-wide search technique for aberrant(More)
Almost 1-2% of the human genome is located within 500 bp of either side of a transcription initiation site, whereas a far larger proportion (approximately 25%) is potentially transcribable by elongating RNA polymerases. This observation raises the question of how the genome is packaged into chromatin to allow start sites to be recognized by the regulatory(More)
MicroRNA (miRNA) expression is frequently altered in human cancers. To search for epigenetically silenced miRNAs in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we mapped human miRNAs on autosomal chromosomes and selected 55 miRNAs in silico. We treated six NSCLC cell lines with the DNA methylation inhibitor 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-CdR) and determined the(More)
We investigated whether the CpG island methylation of certain microRNAs was associated with the clinicopathological features and the prognosis of non-small-cell lung cancer. The methylation of mir-152, -9-3, -124-1, -124-2, and -124-3 was analyzed in 96 non-small-cell lung cancer specimens using a combined bisulfite restriction analysis. The median(More)
Epigenetic silencing of tumor suppressor genes is generally thought to involve DNA cytosine methylation, covalent modifications of histones, and chromatin compaction. Here, we show that silencing of the three transcription start sites in the bidirectional MLH1 promoter CpG island in cancer cells involves distinct changes in nucleosomal occupancy. Three(More)