Daiva A. Bironaitė

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The steady-state kinetics of oxidation of rat liver NADPH: cytochrome P450 reductase (EC 1.6.2.4) by quinones, aromatic nitrocompounds, ferricyanide, Fe(EDTA)-, and cytochrome c has been studied. The logarithms of bimolecular rate constants of reduction (kcat/Km) of quinones and nitrocompounds increase with the increase in their single-electronreduction(More)
Metabolism of rhein (4,5-dihydroxyanthraquinone-2-carboxylic acid) in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes caused production of oxygen-derived free radicals by redox cycling; this was shown as an increased rate of superoxide-dismutasesensitive NAD(P)H oxidation and NAD(P)H-cytochrome c reduction. Furthermore, rhein caused a depletion of intracellular reduced(More)
We compared three different anthraquinones, rhein (4,5-dihydroxy-anthraquinone-2-carboxylic acid), danthron (1,8-dihydroxy-anthraquinone) and chrysophanol (1,8-dihydroxy-3-methylanthraquinone), with respect to their toxicity and ability to induce apoptosis in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes. Rhein was the most effective in producing free radicals, and(More)
In view of the ubiquitous role of the thioredoxin/thioredoxin reductase (TRX/TR) system in living cells, the interaction of Arabidopsis thaliana NADPH-thioredoxin reductase (EC 1.6.4.5) with quinones, an important class of redox cycling and alkylating xenobiotics, was studied. The steady-state reactions of A. thaliana TR with thioredoxin (TRX) and reaction(More)
Nitrofurans with aromatic and heterocyclic substituents inhibit Trypanosoma congolense trypanothione reductase (TR) and yeast glutathione reductase (GR), acting as uncompetitive inhibitors vs. NADPH and noncompetitive or uncompetitive inhibitors vs. disulfide substrate. Many of these compounds inhibited trypanothione reductase more efficiently than(More)
During the last decade biomaterial sciences and tissue engineering have become new scientific fields supplying rising demand of regenerative therapy. Tissue engineering requires consolidation of a broad knowledge of cell biology and modern biotechnology investigating biocompatibility of materials and their application for the reconstruction of damaged(More)
Bradykinin (BK) is an autocrine growth factor for lung and prostate cancers. BK also facilitates tumor extension by increasing tissue permeability and stimulating angiogenesis. Peptide BK antagonists are in development as potential new drugs for lung cancer. Newer nonpeptide BK antagonists have even higher potency against lung cancer, in vitro and in vivo.(More)
The rotenone-insensitive reduction of quinones and aromatic nitrocompounds by mitochondrial NADH: ubiquinone reductase (complex I, EC 1.6.99.3) has been studied. It was found that these reactions proceed via a mixed one- and two-electron transfer. The logarithms of the bimolecular rate constants of oxidation (TN/Km) are proportional to the(More)
Bovine leukemia virus-transformed lamb embryo fibroblasts (line FLK) possess activity of DT-diaphorase of ca. 260 U/mg protein and similar levels of other NADP(H)-oxidizing enzymes: NADH:oxidase, 359 U/mg; NADPH:oxidase, 43 U/mg; NADH:cytochrome-c reductase, 141 U/mg; NADPH:cytochrome-c reductase, 43 U/mg. In general, the toxicity of aromatic nitrocompounds(More)
The interaction of fungal quinone pigments bostricoidin, fusarubin, javanicin, and 2-oxyjuglone with mitochondrial NADH:ubiquinone reductase (complex I, EC 1.6.99.3) has been studied. The bimolecular rate constants (turnover number (TN)/Km) of rotenone-insensitive reduction of these compounds are in the range of 1.2 x 10(4)-1.6 x 10(5) M-1s-1. 2-Oxyjuglone(More)