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The new BBL mycobacteria growth indicator tube (MGIT) was evaluated for its ability to detect mycobacteria directly from patient specimens and to determine the drug susceptibility of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates. A total of 85 respiratory specimens were tested. Specimens were digested, concentrated, examined microscopically for acid-fast bacilli, and(More)
We investigated mutations in the genes katG, inhA (regulatory and structural regions), and kasA and the oxyR-ahpC intergenic region of 97 isoniazid (INH)-resistant and 60 INH-susceptible Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates obtained in two states in Brazil: São Paulo and Paraná. PCR-single-strand conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) was evaluated for(More)
The aim of this study was to identify a candidate drug for the development of anti-tuberculosis therapy from previously synthesized compounds based on the thiosemicarbazones, semicarbazones, dithiocarbazates and hydrazide/hydrazones compounds. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of these compounds against Mycobacterium tuberculosis was determined.(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the presence of mutations in the pncA gene in 31 pyrazinamide-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis and 5 susceptible strains. MICs and pyrazinamidase (PZase) activity were also determined. METHODS All 36 M. tuberculosis clinical isolates were genotyped by mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units (MIRUs) and most were also(More)
Current therapies for Chagas' disease, leishmaniasis and tuberculosis are unsatisfactory because of the failure rates, significant toxicity and/or drug resistance. In this study, the compound 3-[4'-bromo-(1,1'-biphenyl)-4-yl]-N,N-dimethyl-3-(2-thienyl)-2-propen-1-amine (IV) was synthesized and its trypanocidal, leishmanicidal and antimycobacterial(More)
We assessed the performance of REMA in comparison with BACTEC MGIT 960 in the susceptibility testing of 80 Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates from Clemente Ferreira Institute against four drugs. REMA proved to be a rapid and accurate method, providing excellent correlation with BACTEC MGIT 960, with the exception of results for the ethambutol drug.
Bioassay-guided fractionation of the chloroform extract of Byrsonima fagifolia leaves led to the isolation of active antitubercular compounds alkane dotriacontane (Minimal Inhibitory Concentration-MIC, 62.5 μg mL(-1)), triterpenoids as bassic acid (MIC = 2.5 μg mL(-1)), α-amyrin acetate (MIC = 62.5 μg mL(-1)), a mixture of lupeol, α- and β-amyrin (MIC =(More)
SETTING Four regional laboratories belonging to the Mycobacteria Reference Laboratory of São Paulo State, Brazil. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the nitrate reductase assay (NRA) for rifampicin (RMP) susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis directly from clinical sputum samples of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). DESIGN Performance of the(More)
Many plants are used in traditional medicine as active agents against various effects induced by snakebite. Few attempts have been made however to identify the nature of plant natural products with anti-ophidian properties. Baccharis trimera (Less) DC (Asteraceae), known in Brazil as carqueja, has been popularly used to treat liver diseases, rheumatism,(More)
We determined the susceptibility profile of 80 Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) clinical isolates from Brazil against isoniazid (INH) and rifampicin (RIF) drugs by two phenotypic methods (Resazurin Microtiter Assay - REMA and BACTEC™ MGIT™ Mycobacterial Detection System). DNA polymorphisms were also determined by PCR-SSCP in isolates resistant to INH and(More)