INTRODUCTION The recent increase in the number of tuberculosis cases has called the world's attention once again to a perennial health problem, especially prevalent in developing countries. The time elapsed between the diagnosis and the institution of therapy is an obstacle to tuberculosis control and there is an urgent need for the development of… (More)
Bioassay-guided fractionation of the chloroform extract of Byrsonima fagifolia leaves led to the isolation of active antitubercular compounds alkane dotriacontane (Minimal Inhibitory Concentration-MIC, 62.5 μg mL(-1)), triterpenoids as bassic acid (MIC = 2.5 μg mL(-1)), α-amyrin acetate (MIC = 62.5 μg mL(-1)), a mixture of lupeol, α- and β-amyrin (MIC =… (More)
We assessed the performance of REMA in comparison with BACTEC MGIT 960 in the susceptibility testing of 80 Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates from Clemente Ferreira Institute against four drugs. REMA proved to be a rapid and accurate method, providing excellent correlation with BACTEC MGIT 960, with the exception of results for the ethambutol drug.
Resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis to isoniazid (INH) is caused by mutations in the catalase-peroxidase gene (katG), and within the inhA promoter and/or in structural gene. A small percentage (approximately 10%) of INH-resistant strains do not present mutations in both of these loci. Other genes have been associated with INH resistance including the… (More)
Rhodococcus equi has emerged as an opportunistic pathogen associated with pulmonary, invasive or systemic infections in immunocompromised patients. We report the identification of 51 R. equi isolates found in sputum samples of 546 individuals suspected to have pulmonary tuberculosis in two Public Health Hospital Units in Brazil. The epidemiology of R. equi… (More)
The use of poorly treated water during hemodialysis may lead to contamination with nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). This study aimed to isolate and identify NTM species in the water of a Brazilian hemodialysis center. We collected 210 samples of water from the hydric system of the unit (post-osmosis system, hemodialysis rooms, reuse system, and… (More)