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BACKGROUND We have shown that the angiogenic peptides basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) enhance canine coronary collateral development when administered for > or = 4 weeks. bFGF, a pluripotent mitogen of mesodermally derived cells, could theoretically exacerbate neointimal smooth muscle cell hyperplasia, a(More)
BACKGROUND Recently we reported that intracoronary administration of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), a potent angiogenic peptide, increases collateral blood flow in dogs subjected to progressive left circumflex coronary artery (LCx) occlusion. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of systemically administered bFGF on collateral blood(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an endothelial cell-specific mitogen that is angiogenic in vitro and in vivo. It has been hypothesized that VEGF plays a role in myocardial collateral formation; however, the effects of VEGF on collateral flow to ischemic myocardium are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied the effect of VEGF on(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF) is a multifunctional peptide that may play an integral role in angiogenesis associated with coronary collateral formation and myocardial infarct healing. We sought to determine the effects of exogenously administered basic FGF on collateral blood flow to ischemic myocardium. Ameroid constrictors were used to cause(More)
OBJECTIVE Angiogenic peptides like VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) and bFGF (basic fibroblast growth factor) have entered clinical trials for coronary artery disease. Attempts are being made to devise clinically relevant means of delivery and to effect site-specific delivery of these peptides to the cardiac tissue, in order to limit systemic(More)
OBJECTIVE In preparation for clinical trials of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) to treat ischemic heart disease, we sought to identify a clinically feasible method of bFGF administration. BACKGROUND Basic FGF has been shown to promote collateral development after experimentally induced coronary occlusion; however, methods of bFGF delivery that have(More)
OBJECTIVES This phase I study was designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of intra-arterial basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in patients with atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease (PVD) and intermittent claudication. We also assessed the effects of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on calf blood flow as a measure of(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to evaluate the potential of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) to enhance coronary collateral perfusion in dogs with chronic single-vessel coronary occlusion. A secondary goal was to examine whether the salutary effects of bFGF treatment, previously proved effective in the short term, would be maintained in the long term (6 months).(More)
OBJECTIVE We have shown that basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF/FGF-2) enhances myocardial collateral development in a canine model of progressive coronary occlusion when delivered via the left atrial or intracoronary routes; however, we have found intravenous bFGF ineffective in the same model. Data on the fate and efficacy of intravenous bFGF are(More)
Cells in the S-phase of the cell cycle can be identified in tissue sections by immunohistochemical localization of the thymidine analogue bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU). Generally, a single counterstain is used to visualize the underlying tissue; however, interpretation of morphologic detail is often difficult. We have utilized BrdU to localize proliferating(More)