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Previous studies have shown that nitric oxide (NO) sensitises hypoxic cells to ionising radiation. In the present study, four different nitric oxide (NO) donor agents were evaluated for both NO release and hypoxic radiosensitisation. The S-nitrosothiol NO donor agents, S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) and S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP), were shown to(More)
The critical regulatory function of nitric oxide (NO) in many physiologic processes is well established. However, in an aerobic aqueous environment NO is known to generate one or more reactive and potentially toxic nitrogen oxide (NOx) metabolites. This has led to the speculation that mechanisms must exist in vivo by which these reactive intermediates are(More)
A major emphasis in cancer therapy research is finding mechanisms to enhance the effectiveness of clinically used chemotherapeutic agents. In this report, we show the effects of direct NO exposure or NO delivery agents such as NONOate NO donors, DEA/NO ((C2H5)2N[N(O)NO]-Na+) and PAPA/ NO (NH2(C3H6)(N[N(O)NO]C3H7)), or S-nitrosothiol NO donors (GSNO,(More)
S-nitrosothiols have been shown to affect a number of physiological functions. Several techniques have been used to detect these species in biological systems, primarily by methods utilizing chemiluminescence. Since the apparatus required for measurement of chemiluminescence are not readily available in most laboratories, methods employing more conventional(More)
PURPOSE Previous studies have shown that nitric oxide (NO) delivered from NO donor agents sensitizes hypoxic cells to ionizing radiation. In the present study, nitroxyl (NO-), a potential precursor to endogenous NO production, was evaluated for hypoxic cell radiosensitization, either alone or in combination with electron acceptor agents. METHODS AND(More)
1. Rat liver microsomal membranes were studied for the presence of protein kinases. Microsomal proteins solubilized with Triton X-100 were analyzed by means of ion exchange chromatography. 2. Protein kinase activity was detected in the column fractions using specific assays for cAMP-dependent protein kinase, cGMP-dependent protein kinase, protein kinase C,(More)
Journal Homepage: www.annalsgastro.gr peer-review process, papers concerning both clinical and basic research. Abstracting and indexing services: Annals of Gastro enterology is abstracted/indexed in the Aims and scope: 7KH MRXUQDO DLPV WR FRYHU DOO sections of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, providing teaching, practical and professional support for(More)
Gaseous nitric oxide (NO), an environmental pollutant found in cigarette smoke and diesel exhaust, has been shown to generate mutations in aerobic in vitro assays. The objective of this study was to identify which oxides of nitrogen, formed in the gaseous phase from NO, possess mutagenic activity. Samples of the plasmid pSP189, in 1 M HEPES buffer, pH 7.4,(More)
Ions of structure X[N(O)NO]-, examples of which have seen increasing use as probes for studying the biology of nitric oxide (NO) over the past decade, have a varied chemical history spanning nearly two centuries. Nevertheless, they have not been widely appreciated for their physicochemical similarities. Here we begin a series of systematic inquiries into(More)