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IL-12 is a cytokine that can exert regulatory effects on T and NK cells and promote Th1 responses. To delineate further the physiologic role of IL-12 in immunity, mice deficient for this cytokine were generated. IL-12-deficient mice were impaired but not completely lacking in the ability to produce IFN gamma following endotoxin administration and to mount a(More)
Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a cytokine that has regulatory effects on T and natural killer (NK) cells and is composed of two disulfide-bonded subunits, p40 and p35. It was recently reported that supernatants from cultures of mouse IL-12 (moIL-12) p40-transfected COS cells could inhibit IL-12-dependent responses in vitro (Mattner, F., et al., Eur. J. Immunol.(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor is a key mediator of the cellular response to stress. Phosphorylation induced by multiple stress-activated kinases has been proposed to be essential for p53 stabilization, interaction with transcriptional co-activators, and activation of p53 target genes. However, genetic studies suggest that stress-activated phosphorylation may not(More)
IL-12 is a heterodimeric cytokine that has been shown to enhance natural killer (NK) and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses, and to induce IFN-gamma production in vitro. In this study, we have examined the effects in vivo of administering purified murine rIL-12 to normal mice. Daily injections of rIL-12 i.p. (1 ng to 10 micrograms/day) caused(More)
Recent studies have shown that activation of cell cycle checkpoints can protect normal proliferating cells from mitotic inhibitors by preventing their entry into mitosis. These studies have used genotoxic agents that act, at least in part, by activation of the p53 pathway. However, genotoxic drugs are known also to have p53-independent activities and could(More)
Mo(p40)2 is a potent IL-12 antagonist that interacts strongly with the beta 1 subunit of the IL-12R to block binding of moIL-12 to the high-affinity mouse IL-12R. Mo(p40)2, alone or in synergy with the 2B5 mAb specific for the moIL-12 heterodimer, blocked IL-12-induced responses in vitro, Mo(p40)2 was thus used alone or with 2B5 mAb to examine the role of(More)
Notch signaling is an area of great interest in oncology. RO4929097 is a potent and selective inhibitor of gamma-secretase, producing inhibitory activity of Notch signaling in tumor cells. The RO4929097 IC50 in cell-free and cellular assays is in the low nanomolar range with >100-fold selectivity with respect to 75 other proteins of various types(More)
We previously described the cloning of a cDNA encoding an interleukin-12 receptor (IL-12R) subunit, designated beta, that bound IL-12 with low affinity when expressed in COS cells. We now report that a pair of monoclonal antibodies (mAb), 2B10 and 2.4E6, directed against different epitopes on the IL-12R beta chain, when used in combination, strongly(More)
Interleukin-12 (IL-12) has been described as a pivotal molecule in the immune response based in part on its ability to influence the differentiation of T helper (Th) cells into a type 1 (Th1) phenotype. This event is crucial in that appropriate differentiation of naive T cells can determine susceptibility or resistance to given pathogens by influencing the(More)
Although IL-12 has been reported to synergize with c-kit ligand (KL) in promoting hematopoietic stem cell proliferation in vitro, administration of recombinant mouse IL-12 (rIL-12) to normal mice caused a dose- and time-dependent anemia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia in vivo. Decreased numbers of bone marrow cells were recovered from the tibiae of(More)